- Glossary definition: Mantuan Succession, War of the
Mantuan Succession, War of the
(1628 - 1631)

Peripheral part of Thirty Years' War. It ensued technically from the extinction of the main male line of the House of Gonzaga in December 1627; the last three dukes, the brothers Francesco IV (1612), Ferdinando (1612-1626) and Vincenzo II (1626-27), had all died leaving no legitimate heirs. The war pitted France against the Habsburgs as main opposing parties; and was a test between these powers of control in north Italy.