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Joseph Haydn
Suggested Reading

"Since God has given me a cheerful heart, he will forgive me for serving him cheerfully"

Haydn (The Illustrated Lives of the Great Composers)
(Neil Butterworth )
Haydn was born in humble circumstances in 1732. In this fascinating biography, the author traces the rise of the composer from his early years to his death in Vienna in 1809. The mood and atmosphere of the period are re-created by the use of contemporary reports, recollections of fellow musicians, and Haydn's own letters and diaries. Illustrated with paintings and engravings of the time.

Haydn and His World
(Elaine Sisman (Editor))
Joseph Haydn's symphonies and string quartets are staples of the concert repertory, yet many aspects of this founding genius of the Viennese Classical style are only beginning to be explored. From local Kapellmeister to international icon, Haydn achieved success by developing a musical language aimed at both the connoisseurs and amateurs of the emerging musical public. In this volume, the first collection of essays in English devoted to this composer, a group of leading musicologists examines Haydn's works in relation to the aesthetic and cultural crosscurrents of his time. Haydn and His World opens with an examination of the contexts of the composer's late oratorios: James Webster connects the Creation with the sublime the eighteenth-century term for artistic experience of overwhelming power and Leon Botstein explores the reception of Haydn's Seasons in terms of the changing views of programmatic music in the nineteenth century. Essays on Haydn's instrumental music include Mary Hunter on London chamber music as models of private and public performance, fortepianist Tom Beghin on rhetorical aspects of the Piano Sonata in D Major, XVI:42, Mark Evan Bonds on the real meaning behind contemporary comparisons of symphonies to the Pindaric ode, and Elaine R. Sisman on Haydn's Shakespeare, Haydn as Shakespeare, and "originality." Finally, Rebecca Green draws on primary sources to place one of Haydn's Goldoni operas at the center of the Eszterh za operatic culture of the 1770s. The book also includes two extensive late-eighteenth-century discussions, translated into English for the first time, of music and musicians in Haydn's milieu, as well as a fascinating reconstruction of the contents of Haydn's library, which shows him fully conversant with the intellectual and artistic trends of the era.

Haydn and the Enlightenment : The Late Symphonies and Their Audience
(Oxford Monographs on Music - David P. Schroeder)
This book challenges the widely held view of Haydn as an inspired instrumental musician who composed in isolation from eighteenth-century enlightened thinking. Schroeder presents Haydn as a culturally and politically sensitive representative of the Age of Enlightenment, arguing that Haydn's awareness of contemporary aesthetic opinion and the tenets of the Enlightenment are reflected by the transformation in his compositional style. He explores Haydn's relationship with his audience, and suggests that Haydn was well acquainted with the contemporary view that works of art should serve a moral function, pointing to numerous instances in the late symphonies where this end is effectively pursued.


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