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Father and Son
The relationship between artists and their families has always been an interesting one for me, especially that which exists between fathers and sons. In 1846, when one of Camille Corot's paintings led to his receiving the highest award given to French artists, his father, who had always considered him little more than an amiable good-for-nothing, remarked that "...maybe the boy had some talent after all." By then the "boy" was fifty years old. Of course he'd been forty before he'd sold his first painting at which time the father had pretended distress, complaining that no longer did he have a complete collection of Corot's work. To his credit, Corot's father had supported his artist-son all his life, so perhaps the "old man" had good reason to be surprised at such a distinguished award.

Jean Baptiste Camille Corot was born in Paris over his mother's millinery shop in 1796. He was an unexceptional student and when he announced his desire to be a painter his father was at first horrified. But, reluctantly, he decided to give "the boy" a chance, though not expecting much. He noted that he was good only for "having fun". Years later, Corot agreed with his father's assessment: "My whole life I painted and had fun."

Corot had the best art education money could buy. He went with his teacher to Italy where he ignored the Raphaels and Michelangelos in favour of the Italian landscape. When he returned from Italy, he took up the French landscape in its place. His early work is sharp, precise, and classically academic in subject matter, but always with an expressive, spirited landscape. Later his drawing and painting became softer, relying more and more on colour rather than draughtsmanship. It was a generally accepted fact, even amongst his friends, that Corot "never knew how to draw", which was not true. He simply defined drawing differently from his peers. His father's wealth allowed him the freedom to be "himself" and as a result, his work defies the usual categorisation so dear to art historians. Like Boudin and Millet, Corot is best thought of as one whose influence upon the Impressionists may have been as important as his body of work. His early advice to a young Camille Pissarro was one such instance: "Never lose the first impression which moved you." Pissarro, in turn, passed this entreaty on to a generation of artists who were themselves moved by Corot's "impressions".

Contributed by Lane, Jim
4 October 1998

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