- Francis Bacon - Changing the Face of Portraiture [Biography]
HumanitiesWeb HumanitiesWeb
Periods Alphabetically Nationality Topics Themes Medium Glossary

Selected Works
Suggested Reading
Other Resources
Related Materials


Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer

& etc

All Rights Reserved.

Site last updated
28 October, 2012
Real Time Analytics

Francis Bacon

As artists, we have all, from time to time, railed against popular stereotypes of those whose creative bent involves their applying paint to various flat surfaces. We abhor the image of the psychologically unstable, drunken, bohemian oddball, caterwauling through life, unable to hold a job, with morals that give alley cats a bad name, and the artwork that people love to hate. Even though we may secretly admire such miscreants, and may even have shared some aspects of their lifestyle during certain formative years in our lives, the fact that people make few distinctions regarding these extremes and our own blatantly, middle-class existence, never ceases to cause us some degree of distress. Sometimes we even wonder if there ever existed such people or if the whole image is the result of unscrupulous gallery owners' need to glamorise the lives of their artists in order to sell paintings. Well, wonder no more. At least one such artist exists. His name is Francis Bacon.

It's not easy to like the work of this English painting phenomena. In fact he's much more favourably viewed in France, Germany, even the United States than in the Queen's England. There is hardly a museum in the world that doesn't own at least one of his works, or wish they did. And invariably they are ghastly, beefy, ugly things even his friends refuse to hang in their living rooms. Often there is a discordant homosexual theme running through his triptychs, usually stopping just short of the obscene, but never in traditional "good taste." Recurring images of popes, sides of beef, wrestling nude men, distorted, cubistic to a point, truncated, but never without a keen sense of sharp insight into himself, others, and society in general. His 1972 series, Three Studies of Figures in Beds is a typical example. One might call them Muybridge on a bad day.

The son of a racehorse trainer, and a distant descendant of his Elizabethan namesake, Bacon was born in 1909. As a result of repeated squabbles with his father (a strict disciplinarian with a gambling addiction) over numerous sexual encounters with the grooms at the stables, Francis ran away from home at sixteen, first to London, then to Germany where he lived up to the worst stereotypical images we have to contend with. He never painted until he was thirty and came upon a Picasso show that deeply effected both his style and his decision to become a painter. After the war, he came to prominence as a result of his grotesque Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion. In the fifties, he cemented his place in the London Art world with the even more disturbing Eight Studies for a Portrait, one of which was based upon a combination of Velázquez 's portrait of Pope Innocent X and a screaming nurse from Eisenstein's silent film about the Russian Revolution, Battleship Potemkin. His work is cultivated, not intended to be easily digestible, just as it would appear his lifestyle has been carefully nurtured to fit the artistic stereotype. Maybe the image isn't as unjust as we like to think.

contributed by Lane, Jim

28 April 1999

Terms Defined

Referenced Works