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Index by Period

19th Century Landscape
(1800 - 1899)

While Ingres and Delacroix expressed their romantic tendencies through the figure, artists in Germany and England utilised the landscape. A pantheistic conception of God had deeply affected the thinking of English and German poets and painters. Spurred by a thirst for spiritualism in this secular and mechanistic era, they found in nature a manifestation of divinity. Thus landscape emerged as the single greatest subject in Western European art in the nineteenth century. The allusions to nature in the works of Wordsworth, Gray, Goethe, and Beethoven, for example, are proof of the powerful inspiration nature provided.

contributed by Gifford, Katya

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