- Glossary definition: Expressionism

This is a style of art in which traditional adherence to realism and proportion is overridden by the intensity of an artist's emotional response to the subject. Expressionism is not from a particular period, but started at the end of the nineteenth century with such artists as Vincent Van Gogh, and later with the Fauves, such as Henri Matisse. Most often the term is used as part of a movement's name such as the German Expressionist or the Abstract Expressionists.