- Glossary definition: Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

A group of English artists which formed an association in 1848 to recapture the beauty and simplicity of the medieval world. Their painting style and art movement reacted to the sterility of English art, along with the materialism resulting from England's industrialisation. They identified Raphael (Italian, 1483-1520) with the scientific interests of Renaissance art, which they felt had led to modern technological development. They aimed to study nature, to sympathise with what is direct, serious and heartfelt in earlier art, and to infuse their works with literary symbolism, bright colours, and attention to detail.

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