- Glossary definition: Symbolism

An art movement (1880 - 1890s) which rejected the purely visual realism of the Impressionists, and the rationality of the Industrial Age, in order to depict the symbols of ideas. The artists used imagery and symbolism from mythology, religion, and dream psychology (as developed by Jung and Freud for example) in order to create art that was psychologically suggestive and often disturbing in content and message. The leading Symbolists included Gustave Moreau, Odilon Redon, and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes.

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