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Julius Caesar
Suggested Reading

Caesar: Life of a Colossus
(Adrian Goldsworthy)
As Adrian Goldsworthy writes in the introduction to this book, “in his fifty-six years, Caesar was at times many things, including a fugitive, prisoner, rising politician, army leader, legal advocate, rebel, dictator . . . as well as husband, father, lover and adulterer.” In this landmark biography, Goldsworthy examines all of these roles and places his subject firmly within the context of Roman society in the first century B.C.

Tracing the extraordinary trajectory of Caesar’s life from birth through assassination, Goldsworthy covers not only Caesar’s accomplishments as charismatic orator, conquering general, and powerful dictator but also lesser-known chapters during which he was high priest of an exotic cult, captive of pirates, seducer not only of Cleopatra but also of the wives of his two main political rivals, and rebel condemned by his own country. Ultimately, Goldsworthy realizes the full complexity of Caesar’s character and shows why his political and military leadership continues to resonate some two thousand years later.

Julius Caesar
(William Shakespeare)
Folger Shakespeare Library

Julius Caesar: A Life
(Antony Kamm)
Julius Caesar was a brilliant politician who became sole ruler of a Roman Empire increased in size by his own military exploits. As a military strategist he never lost a campaign; he was also a considerable speaker and historical writer. A lavish spender, who at the outset of his career was often hugely in debt, he had by his death amassed by various means a personal fortune estimated as equal to one-seventh of the entire Roman treasury. His influence was profound and his sexual habits were the scandal of the age.

Antony Kamm provides a fresh account, for the general reader and the student, of his life, set against the historical, political, and social background of the times, with new translations from classical sources. Julius Caesar also features key figures such as Marius, Sulla, Cicero, Catiline, Pompey, Cato, Crasssus, Clodius, Mark Antony, Gaius Octavius, who became emperor Augustus, Calpurnius Piso and his daughter Calpurnia (Caesar's wife), and Cleopatara, as well as the named and unnamed warriors who fought for or against him and politicians who supported or opposed him. For those people interested in the end of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire, and the great figures of Roman history, this new look at an extraordinary man will be indispensable.

The Civil War: With the anonymous Alexandrian, African, and Spanish Wars (Oxford World's Classics) The Civil War: With the anonymous Alexandrian, African, and Spanish Wars
(Julius Caesar)
All over Italy men were conscripted, and weapons requisitioned; money was exacted from towns, and taken from shrines; and all the laws of god and man were overturned.' The Civil War is Caesar's masterly account of the celebrated war between himself and his great rival Pompey, from the crossing of the Rubicon in January 49 B.C. to Pompey's death and the start of the Alexandrian War in the autumn of the following year. His unfinished account of the continuing struggle with Pomepy's heirs and followers is completed by the three anonymous accounts of the Alexandrian, African, and Spanish Wars, which bring the story down to within a year of Caesar's assassination in March 44 B.C. This generously annotated edition places the war in context and enables the reader to grasp it both in detail and as a whole.

The Conquest of Gaul
(Julius Caesar)
Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres... It is, perhaps, the most famous opening line of any memoir in Western civilization. What Caesar and the Romans called "Gaul," although we usually think of it as France, also comprised Belgium, the German lands west of the Rhine, southern Holland, and much of Switzerland. This is the only military campaign of the ancient world for which we have a chronicle written by the general who conducted it, and Julius Caesar is an insightful historian, with a keen eye for detail, as in this scene from the repulsion of the forces of the German king Ariovistus:
Caesar placed each of his five generals ahead of a legion and detailed his quaestor to command the remaining legion, so that every soldier might know that there was a high officer in a position to observe the courage with which he conducted himself, and then led the right wing first into action, because he had noticed that the enemy's line was weakest on that side.

The Twelve Caesars
Translated by Robert Graves and Revised with an Introduction by Michael Grant.


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