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Stephen
Suggested Reading



England and Its Rulers, 1066-1272: With an Epilogue on Edward I (1272-1307)
(M. T. Clanchy)
England and its Rulers has established itself as an attractive and authoritative account of English history from 1066. It brings the chronicle sources to life and makes original assessments of the kings and political events. Examining a period in which England was dominated by successive waves of foreign rulers, the book emphasizes how the Norman Conquest was followed by the Angevin Empire and then by the Poitevin ministers and favorites brought in by King John and Henry III. The identity of English culture is analyzed in the light of these strong external influences.This new edition retains the characteristics of the widely-acclaimed original, but it now includes an epilog on Edward I (1272-1307), which considers his wars in Wales and Scotland and reassesses his character and achievements. The second edition also contains a new bibliography covering all aspects of English history in the period 1066-1307.

Reign Of King Stephen
(David Crouch)
This is an authoritative account of the troubled reign of King Stephen by David Crouch, a leading scholar of the Anglo-Norman world. KEY TOPICS He examines every aspect of the period including the king and empress, the aristocracy, the Church, government and the nation as large, showing particularly how in Stephen's reign the idea of England as a separate entity acquired significant meaning. He also examines the wider dimensions of the story, in Scotland, Wales, Normandy and elsewhere. The book is paints a convincing picture of a complex age which, for all its dislocations and local conflicts, adds up to far more than the general anarchy of tradition. For anyone interested in early English history or medieval history.

Restoration and Reform, 1153-1165 : Recovery from Civil War in England (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: Fourth Series)
(Graeme J. White, Rosamond McKitterick (Series Editor), Christine Carpenter (Series Editor), Jonathan Shepard (Series Editor))
This book, covering the close of Stephen's reign (1135-54) and the early phase of Henry II's (1154-89), examines the government of England in the aftermath of civil war. It suggests that the extent of "anarchy" under Stephen has been exaggerated and that there was much administrative continuity from one reign to the next. Previous studies of Henry II's government have often neglected his earliest years, but here there is a reassessment of the significance of financial and judicial measures during 1163-65, as "restoration" gave way to "reform."

The Anarchy of King Stephen's Reign
(Edmund King)
The reign of King Stephen (1135-54) is famous as a period of weak government, when Stephen and his rival Empress Matilda contended for power in a succession dispute. During his reign, Stephen lost control over Normandy, the Welsh marches, and much of the North. Even though Stephen remained king for his lifetime, leading churchmen and laymen negotiated a settlement whereby the crown passed to the Empress's son, the future Henry II. This volume by leading scholars is a study of medieval kingship at its most vulnerable and explains how the English monarchy was able to survive the anarchy of King Stephen's reign.

The Reign of Stephen; Kingship, Warfare and Government in Twelfth-Century England
(KEITH STRINGER)
In this up-to-date study of Stephen's reign, Keith Stringer looks at the relationship between government, warfare and the rise and fall of the medieval states. Using primary sources and the most recent research, he offers an important re-evaluation of the so-called `Anarchy' and a radical reassessment of Stephen's ability as a ruler.

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