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Site last updated
26 June, 2013

Civil War, US
(1861 - 1865)

186024 December - South Carolina secedes from the Union
1861January - Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana secede from the Union
18611 February - Texas secedes from the Union
18619 February - Confederate States of America formed with Jefferson Davis as president
18614 March - Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as 16th President
186112 April - Confederates open fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina
186115 April - Lincoln calls for 75,000 militiamen, and summons a special session of Congress; Robert E. Lee is offered command of the Union Army, he declines
186117 April - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina
186119 April - Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports
186120 April - Lee resigns his commission in the U.S. Army, he then accepts command of the military and naval forces of Virginia
18614 July - Congress authorises a call for 500,000 men
186121 July - The Union Army suffers a defeat at Bull Run
186127 July - Lincoln appoints McClellan as Commander of the Department of the Potomac, replacing McDowell
186111 September - Lincoln revokes Gen. Frémont's unauthorised military proclamation of emancipation in Missouri
18611 November - Lincoln appoints McClellan as general-in-chief of all Union forces
186231 January - Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1 (calling for all U.S. naval and land forces to begin a general advance by February 22
18626 February - Victory for Gen. Grant in Tennessee, capturing Fort Henry and then Fort Donelson
18628/9 March - 'Merrimac' & 'Monitor' naval engagement
1862March - Peninsular Campaign begins as McClellan advances from Washington toward Richmond McClellan temporarily relieved, Lincoln takes direct command of the Union Armies
1862April 6/7 - Battle of Shiloh
186216 April - Confederates enact conscription
186224 April- 17 Union ships take New Orleans
186231 May - Battle of Seven Pines
18621 June - Lee assumes command, replacing a wounded Johnston
186225 June-1 July - Seven Days Battles, McClellan begins a withdrawal back toward Washington
186211 July - Lincoln appoints Gen. Henry W. (Old Brains) Halleck general-in-chief
186229/30 August - Second battle of Bull Run
18624-9 September - Harpers Ferry
186217 September - Antietam
18627 November - Lincoln replaces McClellan with Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac
186213 December - Fredericksburg
18631 January - Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
186325 January - Lincoln appoints Hooker as Commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Burnside
186329 January - Gen. Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West, with orders to capture Vicksburg.
18631-4 May - Battle of Chancellorsville, Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers
186328 June - Lincoln appoints Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Hooker
18631-3 July - Battle of Gettysburg
18634 July - Vicksburg surrenders to Grant
1863August 21 - Lawrence Massacre
186319/20 September - Chickamauga
186316 October - Lincoln appoints Grant to command all operations in the western theatre
186319 November - Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address
186323-25 November - Chattanooga
18649 March - Lincoln appoints Grant to command all of the armies of the United States, Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west.
18645/6 May - Battles at the Wilderness
18648-12 May - Spotsylvania
18643 June - Cold Harbor
186415 June - Nine month siege of Petersburg begins
186420 July - Sherman's forces battle Hood's Rebels at Atlanta
18642 September - Atlanta captured by Sherman's Army
186419 October - Cedar Creek
18648 November - Lincoln is re-elected president
186415 November - Sherman's March to the Sea
186415/16 December - Nashville
186421 December - Sherman reaches Savannah
186531 January - Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, it is passed to the states to ratify
18653 February - Peace conference, Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens, ends in failure
18654 March - Lincoln's inauguration
186525 March - Last offensive for Lee at Petersburg
18652 April - Grant breaks through at Petersburg, Lee evacuates Petersburg, Richmond is evacuated
18654 April - Lincoln tours Richmond where he enters the Confederate White House
18659 April - Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House
186514 April - John Wilkes Booth shoots Lincoln
186515 April - President Abraham Lincoln dies, Vice President Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency
186518 April - Confederate Gen. Johnston surrenders to Sherman near Durham in North Carolina
1865May - Remaining Confederate forces surrender
18656 December - The Thirteenth Amendment is finally ratified - slavery is abolished
Related Articles/Works
Western Advance, Eastern Stalemate
Gettysburg to Appomattox
With Malice Toward None
Secession and Civil War
Fort Sumter Bombarded
The Monitor and the Merrimack
Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg
Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge
The Siege of Vicksburg
Farragut on the Mississippi
The Battle of Shiloh
The Conflict at Antietam
Sherman's March to the Sea
The Last March of Lee's Army
Last Echoes of the Conflict
Matthew B. Brady
Walt Whitman
Chapter XLIII - The Eve of the Civil War
Chapter XLIV - Constitutional Problems of the Civil War
Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant
Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant

Documents
Constitution of the Confederate States
(11 March 1861)
Proclamation of Secession
(17 April 1861)
Emancipation Proclamation
(22 September 1862)
Articles of Agreement Relating to the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia
(10 April 1865)
13th Amendment
(6 December 1865)

Related Works