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World War II
(1939 - 1945)

193516 March - Hitler introduces military conscription, violating Treaty of Versailles
19367 March - German troops occupy the Rhineland
19369 May - Mussolini's forces take Ethiopia
19375 November - Hossbach Conference, Hitler reveals war plans
193812/13 March - German-Austrian Anschluss
193812 August - Germany mobilises military
193830 September - British PM, Chamberlain, appeases Hitler at Munich
193815 October - German troops occupy the Sudetenland
193815 October - Czech government resigns
193915/16 March - German troops take Czechoslovakia
19397 April - Italy invades Albania
193912 May - Turkey and Great Britain conclude a security pact
193922 May - Nazis sign 'Pact of Steel' with Italy.
193923 August - Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact
193925 August - Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty.
193931 August - British army and navy mobilises
19391 September - Nazis invade Poland
19391 September - Norway proclaims neutrality
19392 September - Brazil, Chile, Sweden, Estonia and Ireland declare neutrality
19393 September - Britain, France, and Australia declare war on Germany
19393 September - Denmark, Spain and Netherlands declare neutrality
19394 September - British Royal Air Force attacks the German Navy
19394 September - S Africa goes to war to support England
19394 September - New Zealand declares war on Germany
19395 September - United States proclaims neutrality, sends war supplies to Canada; German troops cross the Vistula River in Poland
19399 September - Hitler's Directive No. 3
193910 September - Battle of the Atlantic begins
193910 September - Canada declares war on Germany
193914 September - U-39, first German sub sunk off NW Ireland
193917 September - Soviets invade Poland
193917 September - German submarine U-29 torpedoes and sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS Courageous in Bristol Channel
193925 September - Hitler's Directive No. 4
193927 September - Warsaw surrenders to Nazis
1939September - Treaty of Frontier Regulation and Friendship: Nazis and Soviets divide up Poland
193930 September - Hitler's Directive No. 5
19395 October - Latvia signs a pact with the Soviet Union, granting Soviet bases at Libau and Windau
19399 October - Hitler's Directive No. 6
1939October - Sweden, Denmark, and Norway issue a joint declaration that a Russian attack on Finland would be considered an attack on the whole north
193918 October - Hitler's Directive No. 7
193919 October - Turkey signs a Treaty of Mutual Assistance with Britain and France
193920 November - Hitler's Directive No. 8 "for the Conduct of the War"
193929 November - Hitler's Directive No. 9
193930 November - Soviet Union forces attack Finland
193910 December - The first Canadian troop convoy leaves Halifax destined for Britain
193914 December - Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations for aggression
1939December - Sweden declares itself a non-belligerent, and allows volunteers and arms to aid the Finns
193926 December - The first squadron of Royal Australian Air Force on active service lands in England
19413 September - Anglo-American Lend-Lease agreement
194012 February - Troops from New Zealand and Australia arrive at Suez, Egypt
194018 February - Hitler's Directive No. 10
19401 March - Hitler's Directive for "Case Weser exercise"
194012 March - Finland signs a peace treaty (Treaty of Moscow) with Soviets
194016 March - Germans bomb Scapa Flow naval base near Scotland
19409 April - Germany launches Operation Weserubung, invading Denmark and Norway
194010 May - Operation Sichelschnitt: Nazis invade France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands
194013 May - Queen Wilhelmina and the Dutch government escape to London, England
194015 May - Holland surrenders to the Nazis
194024 May - Hitler's Directive No. 13
194026 May - Evacuation of Allied troops begins from Dunkirk, France, across the English Channel
194028 May - Belgium surrenders unconditionally to Germany
19403 June - Germans bomb Paris; end of Dunkirk evacuation
19407 June - The Norwegian government flees to England
19408 June - Hitler's Directive No. 14
19409 June - Norway: King Haakon VI flees to London
194010 June - Norway surrenders to the Nazis
194010 June - Italy declares war on England and France
194012 June - Thailand and Japan sign a non-aggression pact
194013 June - Spain's status changes from neutral to non-belligerent
194014 June - Germans enter Paris
1940June - Soviet Union annexes Bessarabia and northern Bukovina in Romania
194018 June - Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich
1940June - Canadian National Resources Mobilisation Act
194022 June - France formally surrenders to Germany
194023 June - Hitler tours Paris
194024 June - France signs an armistice with Italy
194028 June - Britain recognises Gen. Charles de Gaulle as the Free French leader
194010 July - Battle of Britain begins
194016 July - Hitler's Directive No. 16
194019 July - In the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler makes a peace offer to Britain
194023 July - Soviets take Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
194026 July - Japanese PM Prince Konoye unveils his plan to take advantage of the European powers' weakness in Asia
19401 August - Hitler's Directive No. 17
19403-19 August - Italians occupy British Somaliland in East Africa
194013 August - German bombing offensive against airfields and factories in England (Eagle Day)
194015 August - Air battles and daylight raids at Driffield, Yorkshire
194017 August - Hitler declares a total blockade of the British Isles
194023/24 August - German air raids on Central London
194025/26 August - Retaliatory British air raid on Berlin
19407 September - Beginning of German Blitz on London
194013 September - Italians cross the Libyan frontier into Egypt, to gain control of the Suez Canal
194015 September - Massive German air raids on Britain
194023 September - 119 British bombers attack Berlin
194027 September - Germany, Italy and Japan sign Tripartite (Axis) Pact
1940October - Thai and French forces in Indochina begin and escalate a border war against each other
19407 October - German troops enter Romania
194023 October - Adolf Hitler and Spain's Francisco Franco meet in Hendaye
194028 October - Italy invades Greece
194010/11 November - Air/sea battle at Taranto, Italy
194012 November - Hitler's Directive No. 18
1940November - The Swiss government bans the Communist Party and the pro-Nazi National Movement of Switzerland
194014/15 November - Germans make heavy air raid on Coventry, England
194020 November - Hungary joins the Axis Powers
194023 November - Romania joins the Axis Powers
19409 December - British forces begin an offensive in North Africa against the Italian
194010 December - Hitler's Directive No. 19
194013 December - Hitler's Directive No. 20
194016 December - 134 British bombers attack Mannheim, Germany
194018 December - Hitler's Directive No. 21
194029/30 December - Massive German air raid on London
194122 January - Tobruk in North Africa falls to the British and Australians
194111 February- British forces advance into Italian Somaliland
194112 February - Rommel arrives in Tripoli
194114 February - German 'Afrika Korps' arrive in North Africa
19417 March - British forces land in Greece
194111 March - Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act
194124 March - Rommel pushes British out of El Agheila
194127 March - Coup in Yugoslavia, pro-Axis government overthrown
19413 April - Pro-Axis regime set up in Iraq
19416 April - Germans invade Greece and Yugoslavia
194114 April - Rommel attacks Tobruk
194117 April - Yugoslavia surrenders to the Germans
194127 April - Greece falls to the Nazis
19411 May - German attack on Tobruk is repulsed
194110/11 May - Heavy German bombing of London; British bombing Hamburg
194115 May - British counter-attack in Egypt begins (Operation Brevity)
194124 May - The Bismarck sinks the British ship Hood
194127 May - Sinking of the Bismarck by the British Navy
19414 June - Pro-Allied government installed in Iraq
19418 June - Allies invade Syria and Lebanon
194114 June - United States freezes German and Italian assets in America
194122 June - Barbarossa Campaign begins, Nazis attack the Soviet Union
194128 June - Minsk captured by Germans
19413 July - Stalin's 'scorched earth' policy
194110 July - Germans cross into the Ukraine
194112 July - British and Soviets Mutual Assistance agreement
194114 July - British occupy Syria
194126 July - Roosevelt suspends relations with Japan and freezes Japanese assets in US
19411 August - US announces oil embargo against aggressors
194114 August - The Atlantic Charter signed between England and the United States
194120 August - Beginning of Nazi siege of Leningrad
194119 September - Germans take Kiev
19412 October - German advance on Moscow begins (Operation Typhoon)
194116-30 October - Germans take Odessa, Kharkov, reach Sevastopol
194120 November - Rostov falls to Germans
194127 November - Soviet army launches counter-attack and retakes Rostov from the German Army
19415 December - German offensive against Moscow fails as Germans pull back
19416 December - Soviet Army launches a major counter-offensive around Moscow
19417 December - Pearl Harbor Bombed by Japan
19417 December - Hitler issues the Night and Fog decree
194111 December - Germany declares war on the US
194116 December - Rommel retreats to El Agheila in North Africa
194118 December 8, 1941 - US and Britain declare war on Japan
194119 December - Hitler takes over command of the German Army
19421 January - Allies forge Declaration of the United Nations
194213 January - German U-boats begin sinking ships off American coast in (Operation Drumbeat)
194221 January - Rommel counter-attacks in North Africa
194226 January - First American forces arrive in Great Britain
194215 February - Singapore falls to the Japanese on "Black Sunday"
194218 April - Doolittle Raid on Japan
194223 April - German air raids begin against cathedral cities in England
19425 May - US forces in the Philippines surrender to Japan, Battle of Coral Sea
19428 May - Germans launch summer offensive in the Crimea
194215 May - British forces abandon Burma to the Japanese
194226 May - Rommel begins an offensive against the Gazala Line
194230 May - Royal Air Force launches first bomber raid on Cologne, Germany
19424 June - Battle of Midway ends with a Japanese defeat
19425 June - German siege of Sevastopol begins
194221 June - German Afrika Korps recaptures Tobruk
194228 June - Germans begin their summer offensive towards Stalingrad
194230 June - Rommel reaches El Alamein near Cairo, Egypt
19421-30 July - Battle of El Alamein
19423 July - Sevastopol falls to German Army
19425 July - Nazi conquest of Crimea achieved
19429 July - German Army begins push towards Stalingrad
19427 August - Montgomery takes command of Eighth Army in North Africa, US troops land on Guadalcanal
19429 August - Battle of Savo Island
194212 August - Stalin and Churchill meet in Moscow
194217 August - First all-American air attack in Europe
194223 August - Massive German air raid on Stalingrad
19422 September - Battle of Alam Halfa
194213 September - German attack on Stalingrad begins
194226 October - Battle of Santa Cruz Islands
19421 November - Allies break Axis lines at El Alamein (Operation Supercharge)
19428 November - US invasion of North Africa begins (Operation Torch)
194211 November - Axis forces occupy Vichy France
194213 November - Naval Battle of Guadalcanal
194219 November - Soviet forces encircle German Sixth Army at Stalingrad
194212 December - In North Africa, British forces under Montgomery push Germans (under Rommel) out of El Agheila
194216 December - Soviets defeat Italian troops on the River Don
194231 December - German and British ships engage in the Battle of the Barents Sea
19432/3 January - German Army retreats from Caucasus
194310 January - Red Army begins siege of German-occupied Stalingrad
194314-24 January - Casablanca Conference: Churchill and Roosevelt meet, Stalin declines
194323 January - British forces take Tripoli
194327 January - US daylight bombing campaign on Wilhelmshaven, Germany
19432 February - Germans surrender armies at Stalingrad
19437 February - Japanese complete their withdrawal from Guadalcanal
19438 February - Red Army takes Kursk
194314-25 February - Battle of Kasserine Pass in North Africa
194316 February - Red Army retakes Kharkov
194318 February - Nazis arrest White Rose resistance leaders in Munich
19432 March - Afrika Korps withdraws from Tunisia
194315 March - German Army recaptures Kharkov
194316-20 March - Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats
194320-28 March - Montgomery's Eighth Army breaks through the Mareth Line in Tunisia
19436/7 April - Axis forces in Tunisia begin to withdraw toward Enfidaville
19437 May - Allies capture Tunisia
194313 May - German and Italian troops withdraw from North Africa
194316/17 May - British air raid on the Ruhr (Dams Raid)
194322 May - U-boat operations suspended in the North Atlantic due to steep losses
19435 July - Final German assault at Kursk resulting in huge German loss
194310 July - Allied troops land in Sicily
194319 July - Allies bomb Rome
194322 July - American forces take Palermo, Sicily
194324 July - British bombing raid on Hamburg
194325/26 July - Mussolini and the Fascists overthrown
194327/28 July - Allied bombing raid creates firestorm in Hamburg, Germany
19439 September - Allied forces land in Salerno and Taranto, Italy
194311 September - Germans occupy Rome
194312 September - Nazi commandos rescue Mussolini
194317 August - Patton completes invasion of Sicily with taking of Messina
194317 August - US air raids on Regensburg and Schweinfurt in Germany; Allies reach Messina, Sicily
194323 August - Soviet troops recapture Kharkov
194323 September - Mussolini re-establishes a Fascist government
19433 September - Truce between Allies and Italians
19431 October - Allies take Naples
194313 October - Italy declares war on Germany
1943More US air raids on Schweinfurt
19436 November - Red Army recaptures Kiev
194318 November - Large British air raid on Berlin
194328 November - "Big Three" of Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill meet at Tehran
194324-26 December - Soviets begin large offensive in Ukraine
19446 January - Red Army advances into Poland
194417 January - Battle for the Gustav Line in Italy begins
194422 January - Operation Shingle starts with Allied landing on Anzio
194427 January - Red Army breaks 900-day siege of Leningrad
194416 February - German 14th Army counter-attacks at Anzio
19444 March - Soviet offensive on the Belorussian front; First major daylight bombing raid on Berlin by the Allies
194418 March - British drop 3000 tons of bombs during an air raid on Hamburg, Germany
19448 April - Red Army begins offensive in the Crimea
19449 May - Soviet troops recapture Sevastopol
194411 May - Allies begin decisive assault against German lines in Italy
194412 May - German forces in the Crimea surrender
194415 May - Germans withdraw to the Adolf Hitler Line
194425 May - Germans retreat from Anzio
19445 June - Allies take Rome
19446 June - D-Day, Allies invade Europe at Normandy
19449 June - Red Army advances into Finland
194410 June - Nazis liquidate the town of Oradour-sur-Glane in France
194413 June - Germans begin launching V-1 rockets against London
194422 June - Red Army begins massive summer offensive (Operation Bagration)
194427 June - American forces liberate Cherbourg
19443 July - 'Battle of the Hedgerows' in Normandy; Soviet forces recapture Minsk
19449 July - Allied troops liberate Caen
194418 July - Allies reach St. Lô in France
194420 July - Hitler survives assassination attempt
194424 July - Soviet troops liberate first concentration camp at Majdanek
194425-30 July - Operation Cobra (US troops break out west of St. Lô)
194428 July - Red Army recaptures Brest-Litovsk, US troops take Coutances
19441 August - Polish Home Army begins revolt against Nazis in Warsaw; US troops reach Avranches
19447 August - Germans begin a major counter-attack toward Avranches
194412 August - Final Japanese garrison at Guam is defeated by US forces
194415 August - Allies land in southern France begins (Operation Dragoon)
194419 August - Soviet forces invade Romania
194419 August - Resistance uprising in Paris
194419/20 August - Soviet offensive in the Balkans begins with an attack on Romania
194420 August - Allies encircle Germans in the Falaise Pocket
194423 August - Rumania capitulates to Soviets
194425 August - Paris liberated
194429 August - Slovak uprising begins
194431 August - Red Army takes Bucharest
19441-4 September - Verdun, Dieppe, Artois, Rouen, Abbeville, Antwerp and Brussels liberated by Allies
19448 September - Soviets and Finns sign peace treaty
194413 September - American troops reach the Siegfried Line in western Germany
194417 September - Allied airborne assault on Holland begins (Operation Market Garden)
194426 September - Soviet troops occupy Estonia
1944October - The liberation of the Philippine Islands by the Allies begins
19442 October - Nazis brutally crush revolt in Warsaw; Allies advance into Germany
194410-29 October - Soviet troops capture Riga
194414 October - British liberate Athens; Rommel commits suicide
194421 October - Massive German surrender at Aachen
194420 November- French troops reach the Rhine
194424 November - French troops capture Strasbourg
19443 December - Civil war erupts in Greece
1944December - Japanese retreat in Burma
194415 December - American forces invade Phillipine island of Mindoro
194416-27 December - Battle of the Bulge begins
194417 December - SS murder 81 US POWs at Malmedy
194426 December - Patton relieves Bastogne
194427 December - Soviet troops besiege Budapest
1945January - Germans withdraw from the Ardennes
194516 January - Battle of the Bulge ends in German defeat
194517 January - Warsaw falls to the Soviets
194531 January - Soviet armies reach the Oder River
19454-11 February - Yalta Conference (Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin) plans final defeat of Germany
19458 February - Allies reach the Rhine River
194513/14 February - Allied incendiary raid creates firestorm in Dresden
19453 March - American forces liberate Manila in the Philippines
19453 March - Finland declares war on Germany
19456 March- Last German offensive of the war begins to defend oil fields in Hungary
19457 March - Allies establish bridgehead at Remagen
194522 March - General Patton crosses the Rhine at Nierstein
194523 March - General Montgomery's forces begin their assault on the Rhine
194528 March - Soviet troops reach the Austrian border
194530 March - Red Army liberates Danzig
19451 April - US troops encircle Germans in the Ruhr; Allied offensive in North Italy
19459 April - US Army reaches Elbe River
194514 April - Soviets enter Vienna, Austria
194516 April - Red Army launches Berlin offensive; Allies take Nuremberg
194518 April - Last German troops on the Ruhr River give up after being encircled by Allied troops
194521 April - Soviets reach Berlin
194528 April - Venice falls to Allied forces
194528 April - Mussolini hanged by Italian partisans
194530 April - Adolf Hitler commits suicide
19452 May - All German forces in Italy surrender
19457 May - German armies give unconditional surrender
19458 May - V-E (Victory in Europe) celebrated
19452 June - The last big island battle in the Pacific ends with an Allied victory on Okinawa
19455 June - Allies divide Germany into occupation zones
194526 June - United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco
194516 July - The Potsdam Conference convenes with Truman, Stalin, and Churchill to establish the basis of German reconstruction
19456 August - Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
19458 August - Soviet Union declares war on Japan; Soviet forces invade Manchuria
19459 August - Second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
194514 August - Japanese agree to unconditional surrender
19452 September - Japan formally surrenders; V-J (Victory over Japan) Day in US
194520 November - Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal begins
1951Truman signs peace treaty with Japan, officially ending WWII
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Documents
Tripartite Pact
(27 September 1940)
Lend-Lease Act
(11 March 1941)
Treaty of Friendship Between Germany and Turkey
(18 June 1941)
British/Soviet Mutual Assistance Pact
(12 July 1941)
Polish-Soviet Union Agreements
(30 July 1941)
The Atlantic Charter
(14 August 1941)
Declaration by the United Nations
(1 January 1942)
Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement
(28 February 1942)
Casablanca Conference
(12 February 1943)
Armistice with Italy
(3 September 1943)
The Tehran Conference
(1 December 1943)
Armistice Agreement with Rumania
(12 September 1944)
Armistice Agreement with Bulgaria
(28 October 1944)
Armistice Agreement with Hungary
(20 January 1945)
The Yalta Conference
(13 February 1945)
German Acts of Military Surrender
(7 May 1945)
Declaration Regarding the Defeat of Germany and the Assumption of Supreme Authority by Allied Powers
(5 June 1945)
Potsdam Conference
(1 August 1945)
Instrument of Surrender, Japan
(2 September 1945)
Agreement of . . . Certain Additional Requirements to be Imposed on Germany
(20 September 1945)

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