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28 October, 2012
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Korean War
(1950 - 1953)

1945Korea is divided into US and Soviet occupation zones along 38th parallel
1948After supervised elections, US military government turns over power to Republic of Korea
1950North Korean People's Army invades South Korea - UN calls for an end of aggression
1950UN asks member countries to aid Republic of Korea - US announces intervention. North Korea attacks Seoul airfield
1950US bombers attack troops in Han River area - North Korean army captures Seoul
1950President Truman orders ground forces into Korea and authorises Air Force to bomb North Korea
1950Near Osan, Task Force Smith troops fight for the first time and suffer heavy casualties
1950Battle for Taejon ends with heavy US losses and retreat
1950Pusan perimeter established in southeastern Korea
1950First UN counterattack collapses
1950Four-day battle of "the Bowling Alley" - UN forces hold back North Korean offensive
1950Inchon landing of UN forces
1950UN troops complete recapture of Seoul
1950UN forces cross 38th parallel - UN sanctions defeat of North Korea and attempted reunification
1950Chinese Communist troops cross Yalu River into Korea
1950UN captures P'yongyang, the North Korean capital
1950Chinese attack in force near Unsan
1950General Douglas MacArthur's final "Home by Christmas" offensive begins
1950End of Chinese strike against marine and army divisions at Chosin Reservoir - marines retreat
1950US Cavalry lands at Pohangdong - US aircraft destroy key oil refinery in Wonsan
1951Seoul captured by Chinese
1951UN forces resume offensive
1951Chinese counteroffensive begins north of Hoengsong
1951UN line reaches between the 37th and 38th Parallels
1951UN forces retake Seoul
1951MacArthur recalled - General Matthew Ridgway given command
1951UN forces dig in on the 38th Parallel
1951Truce talks begin at Kaesong - Communists break off talks six weeks later
1951UN forces take Heartbreak Ridge after 18-day battle
1951Truce talks resume at Panmunjom
1952Raid on Agok
1952Operation COUNTER
1952Battle for Old Baldy (Hill 266)
1952FEAF and Navy planes launch massive air strikes against North Korea's hydroelectric power grid
1952Battle of Bunker Hill
1952FEAF and carrier planes bomb Pyongyang in a 1,403-sortie assault—the largest single-day raid of the war
1952Largest all-Navy raid destroys the oil refinery at Aoji, North Korea
1952"Cherokee" Strikes
1952Operation SHOWDOWN
1952Battle of the Hook
1952Battle at Hill 851, Heartbreak Ridge area
1952T-Bone Hill
1953Operation SMACK
1953Hill 355 (Little Gibraltar)
1953North Korean and Chinese leaders agree to POW exchange
1953Three-day battle of Pork Chop Hill ends in victory for UN forces
1953Full peace talks resume at Panmunjom
1953Raid on Toksan Dam
1953Communist offensive pushes Republic of Korea troops south
1953South Koreans release 27,000 North Korean POWs, who refuse repatriation
1953"Little Truce Talks"
1953Communists return to negotiations
1953Battle of Kumsong River Salient - last Communist offensive
1953Cease fire signed - fighting ends 12 hours later
1953Processing of POWs for repatriation begins at Freedom Village, Panmunjom
Related Articles/Works
The Cold War in Asia and the Middle East

UN Resolution of 27 June 1950
(27 June 1950)
Korean Armistice Agreement, 1953
(27 July 1953)
Mutual Defense Treaty between the Republic of Korea and the United States of America, 1953
(1 October 1953)

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