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Site last updated
26 June, 2013

Philippine-American War
(1899 - 1902)

189812 June - The Philippines, with Aguinaldo as leader, declare themselves independent from Spain
1898August - Siege of Manilla, ends with the surrender of the Spanish to the Americans
189822 August - General Elwell Otis arrives to replace General Merritt and become the first Military General of the Philippines
1898September - General Antonio Luna is appointed Director of War by Aguinaldo
1898November - Anti-Imperialist League is formed in Boston
189810 December - Treaty of Paris signed, Spain recognises the independence of Cuba; cedes Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands to the US
189821 December - President William Mckinley announces his decision to keep the Philippines as an American colonial possession - "Benevolent Assimilation"
18995 January - Aguinaldo issues a counter-proclamation
189929 January - Aguinaldo elected president
18994 February - Outbreak of hostilities
18998-12 February - Battle of Iloilo
189922 February - Cebu City on the island of Cebu and Iloilo on Panay both fall to American troops
189924 March-16 August 1899 - Battle of Malolos
18998-17 April - Battle of Laguna de Bay
189921 April-30 May - Battle of San Isidro
189925 April - Battle of Calumpit
189912 June - Luna is assassinated by Cavite soldiers loyal to Aguinaldo
189913 June - Battle of Zapote River
18997-13 October - Battle of Cavite
189915 October-l9 November - Battle of San Isidro
18996-19 November - Battle of San Fabian
18995-20 November - Battle of Tarlac
189919 December - American General Henry Lawton was killed in the Battle of San Mateo
18992 December - Battle of Tirad Pass
18992 December - Pilar is killed and 1,100 Filipinos under Colonel Danilo Tirona surrender
189931 December - Lukban gathers 100 Filipino riflemen and proclaims himself the new governor of Samar under the Philippine Republic
19004 January-9 February - Battle of Cavite
190017 March - American forces occupy the island of Bohol
19002 May - MacArthur replaces Otis as Military Governor of the Philippines
1900June - Taft Commission arrives to set up a civilian government
1901July - General Miguel Malvar takes over Aguinaldo’s former position and continues the resistance
1901U.S. President McKinley assassinated, Theodore Roosevelt sworn in as successor
1901February - James Franklin Bell is put in charge of the 1st District of Northern Luzon, where he begins his "zone" policy
19012 February - Formal inauguration of the Partido Federal, and the Filipino forces in Panay surrender
19018 March - Battle of Lonoy
190115 March - Mariano Trias, Aguinaldo's second in command, surrenders to the Americans with 130 Caviteño troops
190123 March - Aguinaldo captured by Funston
1901July - Second Philippine Commission, headed by William Howard Taft, is officially installed at Manila
19014 July - MacArthur transferrs his responsibility as governor to Taft and general to Adna Chaffee
190126 September - The Balangiga Massacre, American troops initiate a policy of "kill and burn", under the leadership of Gen. Jacob Smith
190130 November - Bell orders the forced relocation of almost the entire civilian population of the 1st District of S. Luzon into selected towns which served as prison camps, freeing him to destroy everything outside the "zones"
190130 November - Franklin J. Bell takes over Sumner’s command
1901December - Island of Bohol surrenders to American troops
1902January - A Senate committee is formed to investigate the war
190226 February - Major Littleton Waller is relieved of duty, and charged with murder (later acquitted)
190227 February - Lukban is captured, and resistance on Samar ends soon after
190216 April - Malvar surrenders
19024 July - President Roosevelt issues the official Peace Proclamation ending the war and granting pardon to the insurrectos
19464 July - The Philippines are finally granted independence
Related Articles/Works
The Philippine Problem
The White Man's Burden
Ex-President Grover Cleveland on the Philippine Problem
The White Man's Burden
Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo's Manifesto
Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
Bryan or McKinley? The Present Duty of American Citizens.
Proclamation Ending the Philippine-American War
To the Person Sitting in Darkness
Secretary Root's Record:"Marked Severities" in Philippine Warfare
Despotism Revamped
The Philippine Conquest
The Paralyzing Influence of Imperialism
The Religious Argument

Documents
Treaty of Paris, 1898
(10 December 1898)
Gen. Merritt's Proclamation of Governance
(4 January 1899)

Related Works
The White Man's Burden
Ex-President Grover Cleveland on the Philippine Problem
The White Man's Burden
Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo's Manifesto
Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
Proclamation Ending the Philippine-American War
To the Person Sitting in Darkness
Despotism Revamped
The Philippine Conquest
The Paralyzing Influence of Imperialism
The Religious Argument