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The Gilded Age
(1877 - 1899)

1877Munn v. Illinois (laws affecting public interest could be made or charged by state legislatures without interference from the courts)    GO !
1877Compromise of 1877
1877Rutherford B Hayes assumes presidency and ends Reconstruction    GO !
1877United States acquires naval base at Pearl Harbor
1877Nez Perce War
1878Timber and Stone Act
1878Bland-Allison Act
1878United States acquires naval station in Samoa
1880James A. Garfield elected President    GO !
1881President Garfield is shot and killed in Sept. and succeeded by Chester Arthur    GO !
1882Chinese Exclusion Act    GO !
1882European Restriction Act
1883Pendleton Civil Service Act    GO !
1885Grover Cleveland inaugurated as President of the U.S.    GO !
1886The American Federation of Labor Is organized
1886Wabash v. Illinois (states cannot impose regulations concerning price, compensation, taxation, or any other restrictive regulation interfering with or seriously affecting interstate commerce)    GO !
1887Hatch Act
1887Dawes Severalty Act    GO !
1887Interstate Commerce Act    GO !
1889North Dakota is the 39th admitted to the Union
1889South Dakota is the 40th admitted to the Union
1889Montana is the 41st admitted to the Union
1889Washington is the 42nd admitted to the Union
1889Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd President of the U.S.    GO !
1889First Pan-American Conference
1889Idaho is the 43rd admitted to the Union
1890Wyoming is the 44th admitted to the Union
1890Massacre at Wounded Knee
1890Ocala platform
1890Sherman Anti-Trust Act    GO !
1890Sherman Silver Purchase Act
1890McKinley Tariff
1890Elections bill defeated
1891Baltimore Crisis
1891Forest Reserve Act
1892Grover Cleveland elected U.S. President    GO !
1892Populist party formed
1893Sherman Silver Purchase Act repealed
1893Hawaiian coup by American sugar growers
1894Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, including Income Tax
1895American pressure leads to arbitration of the British boundary dispute with Venezuela
1895In Re Debs (the federal government has the constitutional authority to stop strikes that affect the "general welfare" of all Americans)
1895Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company (strikes down part of Wilson-Gorman Tariff)
1895United States v. E.C.Knight    GO !
1896Utah is the 45th admitted to the Union
1896Plessy v. Ferguson (legalizes segregation in railway cars - doctrine of "separate but equal")    GO !
1896Populist party fuses with Democrats
1896Weyler's reconcentration policy in Cuba
1897William McKinley inaugurated as President of the U.S.    GO !
1898The Teller Amendment    GO !
1898Newlands Resolution
1898U.S. declares war on Spain over Cuba; Treaty of Paris    GO !
18988 July - Annexation of Hawaiian Islands    GO !
1898December - Annexation of the Philippines
1899Philippine-American War begins    GO !
1899Germany and the United States divide the Samoan Islands
1899Open Door notes    GO !
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
The Statue of Liberty
Ambivalent Empires
The Plight of the Indians
The Last Frontier
The Divided South
Revolution in Agriculture
Railroads, Regulations and the Tariff
Corporations and Cities
Carnegie and the Era of Steel
Agrarian Distress and the Rise of Populism
Technology and Change
Public Events and Presidential Elections
The Annexation of Hawaii
The United States and the Philippine Islands
Influence of the Spanish-American War on Our Foreign Trade
Our Achievements and Prospects
Triumphs of the Republic in Practical Science
The Literary Retrospect
Martinique and St. Vincent
Social Progress and Problems
Our Foreign Relations
National Defence
Movements of the Older Nations
Anarchy's Exalted Victim
Tudor Style Architecture
Ratify the Treaty, Declare the Nation's Policy
"Cross of Gold" Speech
Chapter XLIX - The Fourteenth Amendment

Documents
Munn v. Illinois
(1876)
United States, ex rel. Standing Bear, v. George Crook, a Brigadier-General of the Army of the United States.
(12 May 1879)
Chinese Exclusion Act
(6 May 1882)
Pendleton Act
(16 January 1883)
Wabash, St. L. & P. Ry. Co. v. People of State of Illinois
(25 October 1886)
Interstate Commerce Act
(4 February 1887)
Dawes Act
(8 February 1887)
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
(1890)
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
(2 July 1890)
United States v. E. C. Knight Co. et al.
(21 January 1895)
Plessy v. Ferguson
(1896)
Resolution recognising Cuban Independence
(11 April 1898)
The Teller Amendment
(20 April 1898)
Spanish Declaration of War
(23 April 1898)
American Declaration of War
(25 April 1898)
Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands
(7 July 1898)
Treaty of Paris, 1898
(10 December 1898)
First Open Door Note
(6 September 1899)


Conflicts
Philippine-American War
The Philippine revolution for independence after America's purchase of the colony from Spain
Spanish-American War
A war between Spain and the United States in the Caribbean and the Philippines in 1898, sparked by Spanish atrocities in Cuba, and the destruction of the warship Maine


Notables
Music     John Phillip Sousa
Charles Ives
Art     Mary Cassatt
Frederick Maxfield Parrish
Jessie Willcox Smith
Edwin Austin Abbey
Howard Pyle
Louis Comfort Tiffany
Thomas Eakins
James McNeill Whistler
Winslow Homer
George Caleb Bingham
John Singer Sargent
William Glackens
Thomas Moran
Howard Chandler Christy
George Luks
Everett Shinn
Ralph Albert Blakelock
Albert Pinkham Ryder
Frederic Remington
Frank Lloyd Wright
Asher B. Durand
Alfred Stieglitz
Stanford White
Nathaniel Currier
Robert Henri
John Sloan
Henry Ossawa Tanner
Sanford Robinson Gifford
George Inness
Literature     John Greenleaf Whittier
Walt Whitman
Edwin A Robinson
Emily Dickinson
William Cullen Bryant
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Edgar Lee Masters
Bret Harte
James Fenimore Cooper
Oliver Wendell Holmes
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Mark Twain
Stephen Crane
Emma Lazarus
James Russell Lowell
Henry James
Helen Hunt Jackson
William Dean Howells
Charles Dudley Warner
History     Rutherford Birchard Hayes
James Garfield
Grover Cleveland
Benjamin Harrison
William McKinley
Chester Alan Arthur
Thomas Alva Edison
Harriet Tubman
Booker Taliaferro Washington
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Lucretia Coffin Mott
William Lloyd Garrison
Susan Brownell Anthony
Andrew Carnegie
John Davison Rockefeller
W.E.B. DuBois
Geronimo
Henry Cabot Lodge
James Gillespie Blaine
John Milton Hay
William Jennings Bryan
Ambrosius Aurelianus
Religion     Mary Baker Eddy
Henry Ward Beecher
Pius IX, Pope
Leo XIII, Pope
Leo XIII, Pope
Pius X, Pope
Philosophy     John Fiske


Maps
Exploration and Settlement 1850-1890
Territorial Growth 1880
Indian Territory [Oklahoma] 1884
The Indians in the United States
1860-1890 - The Trans-Mississippi West Some Posts, Tribes, and Battles of the Indian Wars
1899 Map Of Indian Nations
Africa 1892