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The Great War
(1914 - 1919)

1914Clayton Antitrust Act    GO !
1914Federal Trade Commission Act    GO !
1914Weeks v. United States (evidence seized in violation of the Constitution cannot be admitted during a trial)
1914World War I begins     GO !
1914U.S. Marines occupy Veracruz, Mexico, intervening in civil war to protect American interests
1914Opening of the Panama Canal
1914Clayton Act prohibits some unfair treading practices
1914Federal Trade Comission Act    GO !
191418 August - President Wilson issues his "Proclamation of Neutrality"    GO !
1915Marines land in Haiti
191521 July - Wilson begins drafting a defence program for the U.S.
1916Adamson Railway Labor Act
1916The United States National Park Service is established
1916U.S. buys Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million
1916President Wilson re-elected with “he kept us out of war” slogan.     GO !
1916Partial home rule granted to the Philippines
1916Army Reorganization Bill
1916Expedition into Mexico
191615 March - Pershing starts pursuit of Villa into Mexico
19163 June - National Defense Act authorises five-year expansion of US Army, but at the same time drastically limits size and authority of US War Department General Staff
1917Lansing-Ishii Agreement
1917Puerto Rico is made a United States territory
1917U.S. enters World War I
1917Espionage Act
1917Committee on Public Information established
1917Trading with the Enemy Act
1917War Industries Board formed
191710 January - Allies state war objectives in response to Wilson's peace note of 18 December
19173 February - US severs diplomatic relations with Germany
19171 March - In US: Zimmermann Note released to press by State Department; Armed Ship Bill passes House
19174 March - In US: Senate adjourns without passing Armed Ship Bill
191720 March - Wilson's Cabinet votes unanimously for war
191729 March - Wilson publicly calls for a national army to be "raised and maintained exclusively by selective draft"
19172 April - Wilson delivers war address to Congress
19174 April - The U.S. Senate votes 90-6 to enter World War I on Allied side
19176 April - US declares war on Germany
19178 April - Austria-Hungary breaks with United States
191720 April - Turkey breaks with United States
191718 May - Selective Service Act signed by Wilson
191718 May - The Selective Service Act is signed by President Wilson
191715 June - In US: Espionage Act
19172 July - Pershing makes first request for a US army of 1,000,000
191721 September - Gen. Tasker H. Bliss named Chief of Staff of the United States Army
19173 October - In US:War Revenue Act; graduated income tax authorized
191727 November - Supreme Allied War Council established at Versailles
19177 December - American declaration of War on Austria-Hungary
1918Sedition Act
19188 January - In US: Wilson's Fourteen Points speech to joint session of Congress    GO !
191825 January - Austria and Germany reject U.S. peace proposals
191811 February - In US: Wilson's Four Principles speech to joint session of Congress
191816 May - In US: Sedition Act, amendment to Espionage Act of 1917
191825 May - German U-boats make their first appearance in US waters
19186 July - Wilson agrees to American intervention in Siberia
191810 August - 1st US Army organized under Pershing
191827 September - President Woodrow Wilson opens his fourth Liberty Loan campaign to support men and machines for World War I
191829 September - Bulgaria signs armistice
19183-4 October - Germans and Austrians send notes to Wilson requesting an armistice
191830 October - Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies
19183 November - Austria signs an armistice
191811 November - Germany signs armistice, it goes into effect at 11 AM
191818 November - Wilson announces that he will attend peace conference personally
19184 December - Woodrow Wilson leaves for Brest, France to become the first American president to visit a foreign country
1919Schenck v United States (in times of war the government may place reasonable limitations on freedom of speech - "clear and present danger")
1919Debs v. United States ("clear and present danger"/freedom of speech)
1919Versailles Treaty, incorporating Woodrow Wilson's draft Covenant of League of Nations, signed by Allies and Germany; rejected by U.S. Senate    GO !
19193 April - Wilson becomes sick with influenza
191928 June - Treaty of Versailles signed    GO !
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
War and Neutral Rights
Wilson's Declaration of Neutrality
American Protest Over the Sinking of the Lusitania

Documents
Federal Trade Commission Act
(1914)
Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
(1 September 1916)
President Wilson's Fourteen Points
(8 January 1918)
League of Nations Covenant
(1919)
18th Amendment
(16 January 1919)


Conflicts
World War I
The war involving Great Britain, France, Russia and the U.S. etc. on one side and Germany, Austria-Hungary, etc. on the other.


Notables
Music     John Phillip Sousa
Charles Ives
Art     Frederick Maxfield Parrish
Newell Convers Wyeth
Jessie Willcox Smith
Frank E. Schoonover
Georgia O'Keeffe
Edward Hopper
Louis Comfort Tiffany
Norman Rockwell
John Singer Sargent
William Glackens
Thomas Moran
Howard Chandler Christy
George Luks
Everett Shinn
Ralph Albert Blakelock
Albert Pinkham Ryder
Mary Cassatt
Man Ray
Frank Lloyd Wright
Robert Mapplethorpe
Alfred H. Maurer
Marsden Hartley
Stuart Davis
John Marin
Arthur Dove
Milton Avery
John Sloan
George Bellows
Arthur Davies
Henry Ossawa Tanner
Theresa Ferber Bernstein
Literature     Sara Teasdale
Wallace Stevens
Edwin A Robinson
Robert Frost
T S Eliot
ee cummings
Edgar Lee Masters
James Fenimore Cooper
Joyce Kilmer
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Amy Lowell
Carl Sandburg
William Carlos Williams
Hilda Doolittle
Ezra Loomis Pound
Sherwood Anderson
Upton Sinclair
Jack London
Theodore Dreiser
Henry James
Henry Louis Mencken
William Dean Howells
History     Woodrow Wilson
Thomas Alva Edison
John Davison Rockefeller
W.E.B. DuBois
Henry Cabot Lodge
Elihu Root
Henry Lewis Stimson
Religion     Benedict XV, Pope
Pius X, Pope


Maps
The Organization of Territories in the United States since 1803