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26 June, 2013

World War II Era
(1939 - 1945)

1939Hatch Act
1939 In U.S., Roosevelt submits $1,319-million defence budget, proclaims U.S. neutrality, and declares limited emergency
1940Alien Registration (Smith) Act
1940Roosevelt elected for a third term    GO !
1941Roosevelt enunciates "four freedoms"    GO !
194111 March - Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act    GO !
194114 June - United States freezes German and Italian assets in America
194126 July - Roosevelt suspends relations with Japan and freezes Japanese assets in US
19411 August - US announces oil embargo against aggressors
194114 August - The Atlantic Charter signed between England and the United States    GO !
19417 December - Pearl Harbor Bombed by Japan
194111 December - Germany declares war on the US
194118 December 8, 1941 - US and Britain declare war on Japan
1942Relocation of Japanese citizens    GO !
1942Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement    GO !
1942Betts v Brady (the right to counsel must be decided on a case by case basis)
1942Revenue Act of 1942
1942Women now allowed to serve in all branches of the armed services
19421 January - Allies forge Declaration of the United Nations     GO !
1943U.S. President freezes prices, salaries, and wages to prevent inflation
194314-24 January - Casablanca Conference: Churchill and Roosevelt meet, Stalin declines
194328 November - "Big Three" of Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill meet at Tehran     GO !
1944Korematsu v United States (Japanese citizens a "threat" to American security - 14th amendment that guarantees all citizens equal protection under the law not applicable)
1944Dumbarton Oaks Conference—U.S., British Commonwealth, and U.S.S.R. propose establishment of United Nations
1944Congress passes GI Bill
1944Roosevelt elected for a fourth term
19454-11 February - Yalta Conference (Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin) plans final defeat of Germany     GO !
1945FDR dies on 12 April; Harry Truman becomes president    GO !
19457 May - German armies give unconditional surrender    GO !
194516 July - The Potsdam Conference convenes with Truman, Stalin, and Churchill to establish the basis of German reconstruction     GO !
1945 U.S. drops atomic bombs on Japanese cities of Hiroshima (6 Aug. ) and Nagasaki (9 Aug.)
1945 Japan signs official surrender on 2 September : V-J Day     GO !
19452 September - Japan formally surrenders; V-J (Victory over Japan) Day in US    GO !
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
The New York School
Eve of World War II
The Original 51
Art - Before, During, and After War
Colonial Revival Architecture

Documents
The Four Freedoms
(6 January 1941)
Lend-Lease Act
(11 March 1941)
The Atlantic Charter
(14 August 1941)
Declaration by the United Nations
(1 January 1942)
Executive Order 9066: Resulting in the Relocation of Japanese
(19 February 1942)
Executive Order 9066 - Japanese Relocation Order
(19 February 1942)
Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement
(28 February 1942)
Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement
(28 February 1942)
The Tehran Conference
(1 December 1943)
The Yalta Conference
(13 February 1945)
Potsdam Conference
(1 August 1945)
Instrument of Surrender, Japan
(2 September 1945)


Conflicts
World War II
The war involving Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the U.S., etc. on one side and Germany, Italy, Japan, etc. on the other.


Notables
Music     Aaron Copland
John Cage
Leonard Bernstein
Ernst Bacon
Virgil Garnett Thomson
Frank Loesser
Elliott Cook Carter
Samuel Barber
Art     Lee Krasner
Grant Wood
Howard Chandler Christy
Everett Shinn
Newell Convers Wyeth
Frank E. Schoonover
Georgia O'Keeffe
Man Ray
Jackson Pollock
Norman Rockwell
Mark Rothko
Ansel Adams
Frank Lloyd Wright
Buckminster Fuller
Alexander Calder
Charles Sheeler
Jacob Lawrence
Marsden Hartley
Adolph Gottlieb
Stuart Davis
Isabel Bishop
Romare Bearden
Arthur Dove
Milton Avery
Thomas Hart Benton
Anna Mary Robertson (G'ma Moses)
Robert Motherwell
Franz Kline
Horace Pippen
Jack Levine
Theresa Ferber Bernstein
Charles White
Charles White
Literature     Wallace Stevens
Marianne Moore
Archibald MacLeish
Robert Frost
T S Eliot
ee cummings
Edgar Lee Masters
James Fenimore Cooper
Theodore Roethke
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Carl Sandburg
Dorothy Parker
William Carlos Williams
Hilda Doolittle
Langston Hughes
Ezra Loomis Pound
Ernest Hemingway
F Scott Fitzgerald
Gertrude Stein
Upton Sinclair
Theodore Dreiser
James Thurber
Nathaniel Hawthorne
John Langston Hughes
Charles Beard
Henry Louis Mencken
Richard Wilbur
History     Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Harry S Truman
Eleanor Roosevelt
W.E.B. DuBois
John Edgar Hoover
Henry Agard Wallace
Frances Perkins
Henry Lewis Stimson
John Llewellyn Lewis
Thomas Edmund Dewey
Cordell Hull
Religion     Charles Gradison Finney
Pius XI, Pope
Pius XII, Pope


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