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Anglo-Saxon England
(410 - 1065)

410Britons appeal for help to emperor Honorius, Honorius informs Britain to 'look to its own defences'
432Irish Scots arrive in Pictland
450Saxons Hengist and Horsa settle in Kent
450Ambrosius Aurelianus, son of Roman Emperor Constantine, rises to power against Vortigern
510The Battle of Mount Badon: British victory over the Saxons
563St. Augustine arrives in Kent and converts King Ethelbert to Roman Catholicism
617Northumbria becomes the Supreme Kingdom
740King Offa orders a dyke to be constructed along the Welsh border
779Mercia becomes the Supreme Kingdom and King Offa builds a Dyke along the Welsh Border
789First invasion by the Vikings
793Viking raid on Lindisfarne
802Viking ransack monastery on Iona
802Egbert seizes Wessex throne
821Wessex becomes the Supreme Kingdom
839Egbert dies; succeeded by his son Aethelwulf
855Aethelwulf goes on pilgrimage to Rome; leaves throne in hands of his sons Aethelbald and Aethelbert
860Aethelbald dies; Ethelbert takes the throne
866Invasion of the Great Danish (Viking) Army
866Ethelbert dies; he is succeeded by Ethelred
867The Vikings take Northumbria
871King Aethelred "The Unready" pays the Vikings not to attack
871Ethelbert dies; he is succeeded by Alfred the Great    GO !
871King Alfred defeats the Vikings but allows them to settle in Eastern England
878Battle of Edington, defeat of Viking forces; Treaty of Wedmore    GO !
886The North subjected to the Danelaw, the rules of the Vikings
895Danish fleet captured by Alfred the Great
899Alfred the Great dies; he is succeeded by Edward the Elder     GO !
924Edward the Elder dies; Athelstan is first king of all England
926Eastern England (Danelaw) is conquered by the Saxons
939Athelstan is succeeded by his brother Edmund I    GO !
946Edmund I is killed, succeeded by brother Edred
955Eadred dies, he is succeeded by his nephew Eadwig
959Edwig dies, Edgar takes the throne
975Edgar dies, his 13 year old son Edward II (the Martyr) gains the throne
979Edward II is murdered, he is succeeded by Ethelred II (the Unready) - age 12
1002Massacre of St. Brice's Day; Dan. settlers in England murdered by order of Ethelred II
1005Malcom II, King of Scotland
1007Ethelred II pays 30,000 pounds to the Danes to gain two years' freedom from attacks
1011Ethelred invades South Wales, and the Danes take Canterbury
1012Ethelred pays additional 48,000 pounds to the Danes
1013The Danes masters of England (Reign of Sweyn); Ethelred flees to Normandy
1014End of Norse rule in Ireland
1014Sweyn dies; succeeded by Canute: Ethelred returns    GO !
1015Wessex submits to Canute
1016King Canute of Denmark captures the English Crown
1016Ethelred II, the Unready, dies; Edmund II declared king by Londoners, Canute chosen by the Witan; the two make peace leaving Edmund with Wessex and Canute with Mercia and Northumbria. On Edmund's death in November, Canute is king of all England
1017Canute divides England into four earldoms
1018Union of southern and northern Scotland
1018Council of Oxford: Canute confirms laws of Edgar
1028Canute conquers Norway
1034Malcom II of Scotland dies; succeeded by his grandson Duncan
1035Canute dies, his kingdom is divided among his three sons: England to Harold, Norway to Sweyn, and Denmark to Hardicanute    GO !
1040Duncan of Scotland murdered by Macbeth, who becomes king
1040Harold dies; succeeded by Hardicanute    GO !
1041Siward murders Eardwulf and becomes sole ruler of Northumbria
1042Hardicanute dies; succeeded by Ethelred's son Edward the Confessor    GO !
1050Normans penetrate into England
1052Return of Earl Godwin
1053Harold succeeds his father Godwin as Earl of Wessex
1055Siward of Northumbria dies; succeeded by Tostig, son of Godwin
1057Macbeth murdered by Malcom; succeeded by his stepson Lulach
1057Leofric of Mercia dies; succeeded by Alfgar
1058Malcom slays Lulach and becomes King of Scotland
1063Harold and Tostig subdue Wales
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life

Documents
Decrees of Hlothhere and Eadric
Decrees of Æthelbert
Notitia Dignitatum - Partibus Occidentis
(420)
Decrees of Withred
(695)
Æthelwulf's Charter of Ecclesiastical Immunities
(5 November 855)

Notable Persons
Áedán mac Gabráin
Ælfgifu of York
Ælfgifu of Northampton
Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury, St
Ælfred Æ
Ælfric of Kent
Ælfwald of East Anglia
Ælfwald I of Northumbria
Ælla of Deira
Æsc of Kent
Æscwine of Wessex
Æthelbald of Wessex
Æthelbald of Mercia
Æthelberht, St
Æthelberht I of Kent
Æthelbert of Wessex
Æthelbert II of Kent
Æthelburg of Wessex
Æthelburh of Kent
Æthelfrith of Northumbria
Æthelhere of East Anglia
Æthelred of Wessex
Æthelred II (the Unready) of Wessex
Æthelred I of Mercia
Æthelred I of Northumbria
Æthelric of Bernicia
Æthelstan of Kent
Æthelstan of Wessex
Æthelwald Moll of Northumbria
Æthelwealh of Sussex
Æthelwold of East Anglia
Æthelwulf of Wessex
Agatha
Alchred of Northumbria
Aldfrith of Northumbria
Alfred (the Great)
Andhun of Sussex
Anna of East Anglia
Ambrosius Aurelianus
Baldred of Kent
Beorhthun of Sussex
Beorhtric of Wessex
Beorhtwulf of Mercia
Beornred of Mercia
Beornwulf of Mercia
Burgred of Mercia
Ceawlin of Wessex
Centwine of Wessex
Cenwalh of Wessex
Ceolred of Mercia
Ceolwulf of Northumbria, St
Ceolwulf of Wessex
Ceolwulf I of Mercia
Ceolwulf II of Mercia
Cerdic of Wessex
Coenred of Northumbria
Coenwulf of Mercia
Cuthred of Wessex
Cuthred of Kent
Cwichelm of Wessex
Cynegils of Wessex
Cyneheard (the Ætheling) of Wessex
Cynewulf of Wessex
Cynric of Wessex
Cædwalla of Wessex
Cœnred of Mercia
Eadbald of Kent
Eadberht of Northumbria
Eadbert I of Kent
Eadbert III Præn of Kent
Eadgifu of Kent
Eadgifu of Wessex
Eadred of Wessex
Eadric Streona (the Grasper)
Eadric of Kent
Eadwig (All-Fair) of Wessex
Ealdgyth
Ealdwulf of East Anglia
Eanfrith of Bernicia
Eardwulf of Northumbria
Ecgbert I of Kent
Ecgfrith of Mercia
Ecgfrith of Northumbria
Edgar (the Peaceable) of Wessex
Edith of Wessex
Edmund I (the Magnificent) of Wessex
Edmund (Ironside) of Wessex
Edmund of East Anglia, St
Edward (the Elder) of Wessex
Edward (the Martyr) of Wessex
Edwin of Northumbria, St
Egbert of Wessex
Emma of Austrasia
Emma of Normandy
Eohric of East Anglia
Eorcenberht of Kent
Eormenric of Kent
Eorpwald of East Anglia
William FitzOsbern
Walter Giffard
Godwin, Earl of Wessex
Tostig Godwinson
Wulfnoth Godwinson
Sweyn Godwinson
Gruffydd ap Llywelyn
Hengist
Hlothere of Kent
Horsa
Hywel Dda (the Good)
Ida of Bernicia
Idwal Foel (the Bald)
Indulf (the Aggressor)
Ine of Wessex
Leofric, Earl of Mercia
Ludeca of Mercia
Macbeth (the Red King) of Scotland
Malcolm II (the Destroyer) of Scotland
Malcolm III (Big Head) of Scotland
Roger (the Great) de Montgomerie
Morcar, thegn
Morgan (the Old) ab Owain of Gwent
Mul
Octha of Kent
Odda of Deerhurst
Offa of Mercia
Osbald of Northumbria
Osred I of Northumbria
Osred II of Northumbria
Osric of Deira
Osric of Northumbria
Osthryth
Oswald of Northumbria, St
Oswine of Deira, St
Oswiu of Northumbria
Oswulf of Northumbria
Owen I of Strathclyde
Peada of Mercia
Penda of Mercia
Ricberht of East Anglia
Rædwald of East Anglia
Saelred of Essex
Seaxburh of Wessex
Sexræd of Essex
Sigeberht of Wessex
Sigeberht of East Anglia, St
Sigeberht I of Essex
Sigeberht II of Essex
Sigeheard of Essex
Sigered of Essex
Sigeric I of Essex
Sighere of Essex
Siward (the Stout) Bjornsson
Sledd of Essex
Swithhelm of Essex
Swithred of Essex
Swæfberht of Essex
Swæfred of Essex
Sæbbi of Essex
Sæberht of Essex
Sæward of Essex
Thorkell (the Tall/High)
Gytha Thorkelsdóttir
Vortigern
Vortimer
Wiglaf of Mercia
Wihtraed of Kent
Wulfhere of Mercia
Wulfhere of Mercia
Wystan of Mercia, St
Ælfthryth
Æthelred, St


Conflicts


Notables
History     Æthelburg of Wessex
Religion     Eormenburg, St (Domne Eafe)
Hilda of Whitby, St
Mildthryth, St
Mildburh, St
Mildgyth, St
Æthelthryth, St (Audrey)
Bertha of Kent, St
Eanflæd, St
Ælfflæd of Whitby, St
Eanswith, St
Seaxburh of Ely, St
Werburgh, St
Eormenhild of Ely, St
Æthelburh of Kent, St
Eadgyth of Wilton, St
Lanfranc
Laurentius
Theodore of Tarsus
Liudhard
Bertha of Kent, St
Adrian of Canterbury
Paulinus of York, St
Aldhelm, St
Hilda of Whitby, St
Cuthbert, St
Honorius I, Pope
Æthelhard, St
Cynehelm, St
Philosophy     Æthelweard
Alcuin
Venerable Bede
Nennius


Maps
Principal sites in Roman Britain
Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms ~600
Britain in A.D. 500
Exploration and Settlement 1675-1800
England in 550
England in 584
British settlements in 600
People of Britain ~600
Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms ~600
England in 626
British Isles 802
Engalond-Anglia Saxonum Heptarchia. 500-850
England After the Treaty at Chippenham - 878
England after the Treaty of Chippenham (or Wedmore)
England after 886
British Isles at the time of Danish conquest
Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms in England
England in the time of Alfred the Great
Anglo-Saxon Britain
England in the Tenth Centry
The Kingdom of Canute
English Territorial Jurisdiction ~ 1045