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28 October, 2012
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Antiquity
(-58 - 481)

-21The uprising led by Julius Florus and Julius Sacrovir ends in their defeat and suicide
-39Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa lays out Gaul's road system
-43Lugdunum (Lyon) is founded - it will become the capital of Roman Gaul
-49Massalia (Marseille) is annexed by Rome after a siege
-50End of Gallic War
-52Lutetia is built, the future Paris
-58Start Caesar's Gallic Wars    GO !
-58Julius Caesar is appointed governor of Cisalpine Gaul    GO !
48Emperor Claudius I admits Gallic nobles to the Roman Senate
65Large fire destroys much of Lugdunum
68Gaius Julius Vindex, the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis, leads a revolt against the rule of Nero. He is defeated by the Roman army of the Rhine and kills himself
68Attempt to establish a Gallic empire is defeated by the forces of Vespasian at the battle of Trier
69Extensive uprisings, civil war in the empire
177During the reign of Marcus Aurelius - Blandina and other Christians martyred at Lugdunum
186Revolt of Maternus
196Clodius Albinus, governor of Britain, revolts. The revolt is supported to some extent in Gaul. Albinus is defeated at Lugdunum by Emperor Septimius Severus
212Emperor Caracalla gives Roman citizenship to all freemen throughout the empire
253Franks and Alammani begin to penetrate the frontier in the north
260Emperor Valerian is captured by the Persians. In the turmoil, the Franks cross the lower Rhine into Gaul
274Emperor Aurelian regains control of Gaul
274Franks and Alamani invade southern Gaul
277Emperor Probus defeats the Alamanni
284Bagundae (peasants and small landowners) rebel in the north and east
303Persecution of the Christians by Diocletian
313Constantine's Edict of Milan - religious toleration
357Roman general Julian defeats the Alamanni at Strasbourg, he then defeats the Franks
360General Julian proclaimed emperor by his troops in Lutetia (Paris)
371St Martin becomes bishop of Tours - spreading Christianity throughout the region. He becomes the patron saint of France
378Emperor Gratian defeats the Alamanni
395Emperor Theodosius dies, empire of the west and empire of the east (Byzantine empire) split
406Vandals, Alans, Burgondes and Suevi cross the Rhine and cross the limes (the boundary that marks the northern frontier of the Roman world)
418Visigoths settle by treaty in Aquitaine
430Franks settle in northern Gaul
450The Burgondes settle in Savoy, and then in the valleys of the Rhone and Saone
450The Bretons settle in Brittany
451Attila the Hun invades Gaul - he is defeated by the Roman general Aetius and Theodoric the Visigoth
455The Alamanni settle in Alsace
476Last Roman emperor is deposed
481Clovis succeeds his father Childeric I (King of the Salian Franks)
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
CHAPTER V. GAUL UNDER ROMAN DOMINION.
CHAPTER VII. THE GERMANS IN GAUL.—THE FRANKS AND CLOVIS
CHAPTER VI. ESTABLISHMENT OF CHRISTIANITY IN GAUL.
CHAPTER IV. GAUL CONQUERED BY JULIUS CAESAR.
Gaul
The Gallic Wars

Documents
The Edict of Milan
(313)


Conflicts
Gallic Wars
The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns by several invading Roman legions under the command of Julius Caesar into Gaul, and the subsequent uprisings of the Gallic tribes.


Notables
History     Julius Caesar
Vercingetorix
Flavius Claudius Constantinus
Flavius Valentinianus
Flavius Honorius
Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus
Marcus Aurelius Carus
Attila the Hun
Claudius I
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Religion     Martin, Saint


Maps
Roman Republic 500 BCE - 44 BCE
Roman Empire from 500 BCE to 117 CE
Roman Dominions of the Late Republic
Gaul before complete Roman conquest circa 58 BC.
Caesar's Conquests
Roman Republic 500 BCE - 44 BCE
Roman Empire from 500 BCE to 117 CE
Reference Map of the European Provinces of the Roman Empire
Reference Map of the European Provinces of the Roman Empire
Germanic Migrations and Conquests, 150-1066
Peoples and Kingdoms in the West just after the fall of Rome and the Western Roman Empire
Germanic Migrations and Conquests, 150-1066
Expansion of Christianity
The Hunnic Empire, at its height under Attila
Attila in Gaul