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Grand Siecle
(1598 - 1715)

1598Treaty of Ponts de Cé ends civil war in France
1598Peace of Vervins: Philip II resigns claim to Fr. crown; country united under Henry IV as single sovereign
1599Duke of Sully, Fr. superintendent of finances, reforms taxation, economic policy, overseas trade and agriculture
1600Henry IV marries Maria de'Medici
1604England and France sign commercial treaty
1608Founding of Quebec
1610Henry IV of France assassinated; succeeded by his son Louis XIII (age 9), with Maria de'Medici as Regent
1613Eng. colonists in Virginia destroy Fr. settlement at Port Royal, Nova Scotia; prevent Fr. colonisation of Maryland
1614Maria, Queen Regent of France, summons the States General of France to counteract power of nobility
1614Virginian colonists prevent Fr. settlements in Maine and Nova Scotia
1617Louis XIII crowned at the age of 17
1618Defenestration in Prague, when the Regents Jaroslav von Martinitz and William Slawata are thrown down from windows in Hradcany Palace by the rebels; beginning of Thirty Years' War
1619Maria de'Medici challenges power of her son Louis XIII of France; Treaty of Angoulém ends conflict
1620Revolt of Fr. nobles against Louis XIII; Richelieu makes peace
1621Huguenot rebellion against Louis XIII
1622Treaty of Montpellier ends rebellion of the Huguenots
1624Cardinal Richelieu made first minister of France
1626Peace of La Rochelle between Huguenots and Fr. crown
1626Treaty of Monzon between France and Spain confirms independence of the Grisons
1627Huguenots rise again
1627Richelieu signs treaty with Spain
1629Peace of Susa ends war between England and France
1629Peace of Alais ends Huguenot revolt
1629Commercial treaty signed between Russia and France
1630Treaty of Madrid ends Anglo-Fr. war
1630"Day of Dupes" in France; Richelieu overthrow conspiracy of Maria de'Medici, the Queen Mother
1631Maria de'Medici exile to Brussels
1635Franco-Swed. treaty of alliance signed by Richelieu and Oxtenstierna
1635Peace of Prague signed between the Emperor Ferdinand II and the Elector John George of Saxony; Thirty Years' War is now a conflict between France and Sweden against the House of Hapsburg
1635Treaty of St. Germain-en-Layes agrees on regular Fr. subsidies to the army of Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar
1636The Emperor Ferdinand II has his son, Archduke Ferdinand, elected Ferdinand III, King of the Romans
1638Franco-Swed. alliance renewed for three years
1643Louis XIII of France dies; succeeded by his five-year-old son Louis XIV with Mazarin as principal minister
1643Anne of Austria, the Queen Mother, invested with supreme power
1645Peace talks open between Holy Roman Empire and France at Münster and Osnabrück
1647Treaty of Ulm
1648Outbreak of the Fronde in France
1648Peace of Westphalia ends Thirty Years' War; is condemned by Pope Innocent X (bull Zelo Domus Dei)
1649War of the Fronde begins in France; ended by Treaty of Ruel; followed shortly by outbreak of second Fronde
1651Parliament votes for release of Condé, Fronde leader
1651King Louis XIV attains majority
1652Provisional Fronde government set up in Paris
1652Louis XIV re-establishes lawful government, recalling Mazarin
1653End of Fronde
1654Coronation of Louis XIV at Rheims
1658Formation of Rhenish League under Fr. protectorate
1659Peace of the Pyrenees between France and Spain
1661Cardinal Mazarin dies; Louis XIV begins his personal rule
1664Alliance between France and Brandenburg
1666France and Dutch declare war on England
1667Secret treaty between Louis XIV and Charles II against Spain
1667War of Devolution begins as Fr. troops invade Netherlands
1667Peace of Breda between the Dutch, France and England
1668Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle ends War of Devolution between France and Spain
1668Treaty between Louis XIV and Leopold I concerning future partition of Span. realms
1670Defensive alliance between France and Bavaria
1670Treaty of Dover between England and France
1672France declares war on the Dutch
1673Emperor Leopold I declares war on France
1673Fr. expedition against Ceylon
1675Alliance between France and Poland
1675Charles II of England receives 500,000 crowns from Louis XIV and is able to prorogue Eng. Parliament for 15 months
1678Peace of Nijmegen between France and the Dutch and France and Spain
1679Peace of Nijmegen between Louis XIV and Leopold I
1681Defensive alliances between Brandenburg and France and between Brandenburg and Sweden
1682Royal court moves to Versailles
1683Spain declares war on France
1683League of The Hague: the Emperor Leopold I and Charles II of Spain join Dutch-Swed. alliance against France
1684The "Great Elector" offers Fr. Huguenots refuge in Brandenburg
1684Siamese embassy arrives at court of Louis XIV at Versailles
1685Louis revokes the Edict of Nantes
1685Charles, the Elector Palatinates, dies; electorate claimed by Louis XIV for his sister-in-law Liselotte
1688War between France and the Empire
1689Louis XIV declares war on Great Britain
1689Ger. diet declares war on France
1690Spain joins Great Alliance against France
1693Louis XIV begins his peace policy, reconciliation with the Vatican
1697In Treaty of Ryswick: France recognises William III as King of England
1702Rebellion of Protestant peasants, "Camisards", in Cévennes
17024 November - Queen Anne's War begins when the French and their Indian allies attack some New England settlements in the frontier    GO !
1709Peace negotiations at The Hague
1712Peace congress opens at Utrecht
171311 April - The Treaty of Utrecht ends Queen Anne's War
1714Peace of Rastatt between France and the Holy Roman Empire
1714Peace of Baden: France keeps Strasbourg and Alsace
1715Louis XIV of France dies; succeeded by his great-grandson Louis XV (age 5)
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life


Conflicts
Franco-Dutch War
War fought between France and a quadruple alliance consisting of Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the Dutch Republic. The war ended with the Treaty of Nijmegen (1678); this granted France control of the Franche-Comté (from Spain).
Franco-Spanish War
Following the Thirty Years war, civil unrest broke out in France, and the rebel leader Louis de Condé allied himself with Spain. French troops under Henri, Vicomte de Turenne gained initial successes against the Spanish in northern France but suffered a reverse at Valenciennes in 1656. The battle of the Dunes and capture of Dunkirk in 1658 broke Spanish resistance and the Treaty of the Pyrenees established the Franco-Spanish border and France's pre-eminence in Europe
Fronde
Civil war in France
Queen Anne's War
American phase of the War of the Spanish Succession
The War of the Grand Alliance
(Also known as the Nine Years War, the War of the League of Augsburg, the War of the Grand Alliance, the Orleans War, the War of the Palatinian Succession, and the War of the English Succession) was a major war fought in Europe and America from 1688 to 1697, between France and the League of Augsburg — which, by 1689, was known as the "Grand Alliance". The war was fought to resist French expansionism along the Rhine, as well as, on the part of England, to safeguard the results of the Glorious Revolution from a possible French-backed restoration of James II. The North American theatre of the war, fought between English and French colonists, was known in the English colonies as King William's War.
The War of the Mantuan Succession
Peripheral part of Thirty Years' War. It ensued technically from the extinction of the main male line of the House of Gonzaga in December 1627; the last three dukes, the brothers Francesco IV (1612), Ferdinando (1612-1626) and Vincenzo II (1626-27), had all died leaving no legitimate heirs. The war pitted France against the Habsburgs as main opposing parties; and was a test between these powers of control in north Italy.
The War of the Reunions
Small conflict between Louis XIV's France and Spain and her allies. It was part of Louis' long lasting attempts to take portions of the Spanish Netherlands. As such it is a direct sequel to the War of Devolution and the Franco-Dutch War.
War of the Spanish Succession
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a major European armed conflict that arose in 1701 after the death of the last Spanish Habsburg king, Charles II. The war was fought not only in Europe, but also in North America, where the conflict became known to the English colonists as Queen Anne's War.


Notables
Music     Jean-Baptiste Lully
Marc-Antoine Charpentier
François Couperin
Art     Nicolas Poussin
Claude Gellée, Le Lorrain
Jacques Callot
Pierre Mignard
Charles le Brun
Jean-Antoine Watteau
Antoine Coypel
Alexandre François Desportes
Hyacinthe Rigaud
Literature     Molière
Jean Racine
Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux
Jean Chapelain
Pierre Corneille
François duc de la Rochefoucauld
Jean François Regnard
François Rabelais
History     Henrietta Maria
Louis XIV the Great, Le Roi Soleil
Henry IV
Louis XIII
Armand Jean du Plessis Richelieu
Philosophy     René Descartes
Blaise Pascal
Pierre Gassendi
Nicolas Malebranche
François Fénelon
Jacques Bénigne Bossuet
Antoine Arnauld
Charles Louis Montesquieu


Maps
France - Extension of the French Frontiers, 1601-1766
France - Extension of the French Frontiers, 1601-1766
Germany at the Commencement of the 30 Year's War - 1618
Western Europe - May 1702
Western Europe - Treaties of Utrecht & Rastadt 1713-1714