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28 October, 2012
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Age of Napoleon
(1804 - 1870)

1804Napoleon, proclaimed emperor by Senate and Tribunate, is crowned in the presence of Pope Pius VII in Paris
1804Code Napoléon promulgated
1805Treaty of St. Petersburg by Britain and Russia against France, joined by Austria
1805Peace of Pressburg between Austria and France; Bavaria and Württemberg becomes kingdoms
1806Napoleon's Berlin Decree begins "Continental System"
1807Treaty of Tilsit between Napoleon, the Czar, and the King of Prussia
1807Napoleon ensures dictatorship by suppressing Tribunate
1807France invades Portugal: dethroned Portuguese royal family flees to Brazil
1807Commercial Law Code introduced in France
1809War between France and Austria
1809Peace of Schönbrunn
1810Napoleon annexes Holland, Hanover, Bremen, Hamburg, Lauenburg, and Lübeck
1813Prussia declares war on France
1813Austria declares war on France
1813French expelled from Holland; return of William of Orange
1814Napoleon abdicates and is banished to Elba
1814Louis XVIII enters Paris and takes up the throne as his hereditary right
1814Congress of Vienna opens
1815Napoleon leaves Elba; the "Hundred Days"; Napoleon abdicates again and is banished to St. Helena
1827By the Treaty of London the Allies agree to force a truce on the Sultan
1830Revolution in Paris
1830Charles X, King of France abdicates
1830Louis Philippe, King of the French, "the Citizen King"
1834Quadruple Alliance: Britain, France, Spain and Portugal
1844Treaty of Tangier ends French war in Morocco
1848Revolt in Paris; Louis Philippe abdicates, Louis Napoleon elected President of French Republic in December
1851Coup d'état of Louis Napoleon; plebiscite in France favours new constitution
1852New French constitution gives president monarchical powers, Louis Napoleon proclaims himself Emperor Napoleon III
1853Crimean War begins
1854Bourseul in France builds an experimental telephone
1854Britain and France conclude alliance with Turkey and declare war on Russia
1859Treaty of Alliance between Sardinia and France
1859France declares war on Austria, armistice followed by peace of Billafranca, formalised by Treaty of Zurich
1860Treaty of Turin cedes Nice and Savoy to France
1863French capture Mexico City and proclaim Archduke Maximilian of Austria emperor
1867Napoleon III withdraws his support from Maximilian in Mexico; Maximilian executed
1869Parliamentary system reintroduced in France
1870Franco-Prussian War begins
1870Bismarck's "Ems Telegram"
1870Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern accepts Span. throne but is forced to withdraw by the head of the House of Hohenzollern, King William I, following Fr. protest
1870Revolt in Paris and proclamation of the Third Republic
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life

Crimean War
War (1853 - 1856) between Russia and an alliance of Great Britain, France, Sardinia, and Turkey.
Franco-Prussian War
War between France (under Napoleon III) and Prussia, in which Prussian troops advanced into France and decisively defeated the French at Sedan. The defeat marked the end of the French Second Empire.
Napoleonic Wars
Series of campaigns (1800-15) of French armies under Napoleon I against Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia, and other European powers. They ended with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo.
Second War of Italian Independence
(aka Franco-Austrian War, or Austro-Sardinian War) War fought by Napoleon III of France and the Kingdom of Sardinia against the Austrian Empire in 1859. In respect to the Italian unification process, this war is also known as the Second Independence War.
The Franco-Trarzan War
Conflict between the forces of the new amir of Trarza, Muhammad al Habib, and France, ruled at the time by Charles X and the ultra comte de Villèle. In 1825, Muhammad attempted to establish control over the French-protected Waalo Kingdom, then located south of the Senegal River, by marrying the heiress to the kingdom. The French responded by sending a large expeditionary force that crushed Muhammad's army. The war incited the French to expand to the north of the Senegal River.
The Pastry War
Brief and minor conflict between Mexico and France, arising from the claim of a French pastry cook living in Tacubaya, near Mexico City, that some Mexican army officers had damaged his restaurant.
The Peninsular War
Major conflict during the Napoleonic Wars, fought on the Iberian Peninsula by an alliance of Spain, Portugal, and Britain against the Napoleonic French Empire. Known as the Spanish War of Independence (Guerra de la Independencia Española) in Spain and in other countries and as Invasões Francesas ("French Invasions") in Portugal, the war began when French armies occupied Spain in 1808 and lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814.
The Second Opium War
(Or Arrow War) War of the United Kingdom and France against the Qing Dynasty of China
The Siege of Chaves
Refers to the French siege of Chaves, Portugal in 1808 and the subsequent recapture of the town by Portuguese forces.

Music     Hector Berlioz
Georges Bizet
Adolphe Adam
Georges Bizet
Adolphe Adam
Gabriel Urbain Fauré
Charles-François Gounod
Camille Saint-Saëns
Jules Massenet
Léo Delibes
Emmanuel Chabrier
Art     Jean-Frédéric Bazille
Eugène Delacroix
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Pierre-Etienne-Théodore Rousseau
Louis Daguerre
Jean-Frédéric Bazille
Eugène Delacroix
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Pierre-Etienne-Théodore Rousseau
Louis Daguerre
Gustave Caillebotte
Sir Adolph William Bouguereau
Alexandre Cabanel
Camille Corot
Gustave Courbet
Charles-François Daubigny
Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas
Jean Louis André Théodore Géricault
Jean Léon Gérôme
Edouard Manet
Ernest Meissonier
Jean-François Millet
Claude Monet
Berthe Morisot
Camille Pissarro
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Alfred Sisley
Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson
Pierre-Paul Prud'hon
Honoré Daumier
Ignace Henri Theodore Fantin-Latour
Eugène Boudin
Gustave Moreau
Gaspar-Felix Tournachon (Nadar)
Paul Durand-Ruel
Marie Rosalie Bonheur
Armand Guillaumin
Marie Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Honoré Daumier
Odilon Redon
Auguste Rodin
Gustave Doré
Literature     Charles Baudelaire
Alexandre Dumas
Charles Baudelaire
Alexandre Dumas
Honoré de Balzac
Theophile Gautier
Paul Verlaine
Emile Zola
George Sand
Victor Hugo
Gustave Flaubert
Jules Verne
Stephane Mallarme
Arthur Rimbaud
History     Napoleon II
Attila the Hun
Alexis de Tocqueville
Attila the Hun
Alexis de Tocqueville
Napoleon Bonaparte
Lucien Bonaparte
Louis Napoleon (III)
Louis Philippe
Charles X
Comte Jean de Rochambeau
Louis Jules Trochu
Josephine Bonaparte
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord
Marie Joseph Gilbert Motier Marquis de Lafayette
Joseph Bonaparte
Adolphe Thiers
Jules Grévy
Georges Eugène Benjamin Clemenceau
Émile Loubet
Marie François Sadi Carnot
Patrice Mac-Mahon, duc de Magenta
Religion     Jean-Baptiste-Henri Dominique Lacordaire
Jean-Baptiste-Henri Dominique Lacordaire
Philosophy     Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire
Louis Eugene Marie Bautain
Olympe-Philippe Gerbet
Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire
Louis Eugene Marie Bautain
Olympe-Philippe Gerbet
Pierre Joseph Proudhon
Victor Cousin
Théodore Simon Jouffroy
Félicité Robert de Lamennais
Auguste Comte
Auguste Joseph Alphonse Gratry
Augustin Thierry
Barthélemy Prosper Enfantin
Frédéric Bastiat
Jean Reynaud
Marie François Pierre Gonthier de Biran
Pierre Paul Royer-Collard
Hippolyte Adolphe Taine
Antoine Louis Claude Destutt de Tracy
Augustin Bonnetty
Jean Baptiste Say
Joseph de Maistre
Maximilien Paul Émile Littre
Jean-Barthélemy Hauréau
Ernest Renan
Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, chevalier de Lamarck

Central & Western Europe - April 1st 1812
Central & Western Europe 1815
India 1857
France, 1860-1871