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Capetian France (late Middle Ages)
(887 - 1453)

887Charles the Fat is deposed in December, he dies a month later
987Hugh Capet starts Capetian dynasty
987William of Normandy invades England; Battle of Hastings
1010Robert II of France proclaims the "Peace of God"
1031Henry I, King of France
1032Rudolph III of Burgundy dies, and Conrad unites Burgundy with the Empire
1040"Truce of God" proclaimed in Aquitaine
1059Philip I made coregent in France
1060Henry I of France dies; succeeded by Philip I
1087William the Conqueror dies; succeeded by William II "Rufus" in England and Robert in Normandy    GO !
1091Treaty of Caen between William II and Robert of Normandy
1096Start of the First Crusade with Godfrey of Bouillon, Duke of Lorraine, and Tancred, nephew of Robert Guiscard
1098Louis VI made coregent of Philip I of France
1101Treaty of Alton; Robert of Normandy is bought off after invading England
1108Philip I of France dies; succeeded by Louis VI
1109Anglo-French war
1120Peace between Henry I of England and Louis VI of France
1137Louise VI of France dies; succeeded by Louis VII
1145Second Crusade proclaimed
1147Crusaders perish in Asia Minor; failure of the Second Crusade
1151Geoffrey Plantagenet of Anjou dies; succeeded by Henry, his son by Matilda of England
1152Louis VII divorces his queen, Eleanor, who marries Henry of Anjou, afterward King of England
1160Normans expelled from North Africa
1172Queen Eleanor raises Aquitaine against Henry II
1173Queen Eleanor imprisoned
1177Treaty of Ivry between Henry II and Louis VII
1178Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa crowned King of Burgundy
1180Louis VIII of France dies; succeeded by his son Philip II Augustus
1189Third Crusade
1199King Richard I, Coeur-de-Lion, killed at a siege in France; succeeded by King John (Lackland), the youngest son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine    GO !
1200Peace of Le Goulet between England and France
1202Fourth Crusade launched; crusaders capture Constantinople
1209Pope Innocent III launches the Albigensian Crusade in southern France
1212Children's Crusade
1217Crusade against sultanate of Egypt fails
1223Philip II Augustus of France dies; succeeded by Louis VIII
1224Anglo-French war
1226Louis VIII dies; succeeded by Louis IX, the Saint
1227Truce in Anglo-Fr. war
1240Five-year truce between England and France
1248Seventh Crusade, led by Louis IX
1270Louis IX dies on the Eighth Crusade, and is succeeded by Philip III
1285Philip III dies; succeeded by Philip IV, the Fair
1295Alliance between France and Scotland
1299Treaties between Venice and the Turks, and France and Germany
1305Beginning of the Avignon Papacy
1312Treaty of Vienna: Lyons incorporated into France
1314Philip IV of France dies; succeeded by his son Louis X
1315King John of France dies and Philip V (called The Tall) proclaims himself king
1316Philip V succeeds Louis X
1317Salic Law, excluding women from succession to throne, adopted in France
1320Peace of Paris between Flanders and France
1322Philip V succeeded by Charles IV
1328Charles IV, last of the direct line of the Capets, dies; succeeded by Philip VI of the House of Valois
1337Edward III, claiming Fr. crown, assumes title King of France
1337Beginning of the Hundred Years' War
1338Alliance of Coblenz between Louis IV and Edward III
1350Philip VI of France dies; succeeded by John II
1357Revolution in Paris against the Dauphin, led by Marcel and Robert le Coq
1359Treaty of London restores Fr. possessions once held by Henry II of England to Eng. crown
1360Treaty of Calais between Edward III and Philip of Burgundy
1364John II of France dies; succeeded by Charles V
1365Charles V crowned King of Burgundy at Arles
1375Truce of Bruges between England and France
1378Renewal of Anglo-Fr. war
1380Charles V of France dies; succeeded by Charles VI, the Mad
1381Anglo-Fr. truce for six years
1385Anglo-Fr. war renewed
1389Truce between England, Scotland, and France
1391Charles VI seized with madness; his brother Louis becomes Duke of Orleans
1396Richard II of England marries Isabella of France at Calais; Anglo-Fr. truce extended to 28 years
1406Robert II of Scotland dies; succeeded by James I, who is imprisoned in England
1407Louis, Duke of Orleans, murdered by Burgundians; start of civil war in France
1419Henry allies with Philip II of Burgundy
1420Treaty of Troyes; Henry V, recognised by Charles VI as heir apparent to the French throne, marries Catherine of France and enters Paris
1422Charles VI of France dies; succeeded by Charles VII
1428Joan of Arc leads Fr. armies against England
1429Joan of Arc raises siege of Orleans; Charles VII crowned in Rheims
1429Philip of Burgundy creates the Order of the Golden Fleece
1431Joan of Arc burned at the stake at Rouen
1431Henry VI of England crowned King of France in Paris
1435Peace of Arras between Charles VII and Philip of Burgundy
1439The heirs to the Fr. throne receive the title Conte du Dauphiné
1449English break truce with France, capture Fougères
1453End of Hundred years' War between England and France
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
CHAPTER XIII. FEUDAL FRANCE AND HUGH CAPET.
CHAPTER XIV. THE CAPETIANS TO THE TIME OF THE CRUSADES.
CHAPTER XVI. THE CRUSADES, THEIR ORIGIN AND THEIR SUCCESS.

Notable Persons
Æthelred II of Mercia
Æthelwold of Wessex
Alan IV (Iron Glove), Duke of Brittany
Hugh Capet
Charles III (the Simple)
Geoffrey V (the Handsome), Count of Anjou
Henry I of France
Lothair IV of France
Louis III (the Blind)
Louis IV (d'Outremer)
Louis IV (the Child)
Louis V (Do-Nothing)
Louis VI (the Fat)
Louis VII the Young
Odo of Paris
Philip I
Robert I of France
Robert I
Robert II (the Pious)
Rudolph
William I (the Conqueror)


Conflicts
Breton-Norman War
This war between Brittany and Normandy was sparked after William the Conqueror, as Duke of Normandy, supported Rivallon I of Dol's rebellion against the hereditary Duke of Brittany, Conan II. Conan was defeated at the Battle of Dinan, and his surrender is recorded in the Bayeux Tapestry
Hundred Year's War
The series of wars between England and France, 1337–1453, in which England lost all its possessions in France except Calais
The Saintonge War
Feudal dynastic encounter that occurred in 1242 between forces of Louis IX of France and those of Henry III of England. Saintonge is the region around Saintes in the west of France. The conflict was fought because some vassals of Louis were displeased with the land that Louis had given to his brother, Alphonso, comte de Toulouse. The French decisively defeated the English at the Battle of Taillebourg and concluded the struggle at the Siege of Saintes, but because of dynastic sensibilities and the desire to go on a crusade, Louis did not annex Guyenne.
The War of Metz
(Or Four Lords' War) Feudal conflict which devastated the region around Metz between 1324 and 1326.
The War of Saint-Sardos
Short war fought between England and France in 1324. The war was a clear defeat for the English, and led indirectly to the overthrowing of Edward II of England. The war can also be seen as one of the precursors of the Hundred Years' War.


Notables
Music     Guillaume de Machaut
Magister Leoninus (Léonin)
Perotinus Magister (Pérotin)
Adam de la Halle
Philippe de Vitry
Jean de Muris
Jacques de Liège
Marc-Antoine Charpentier
Literature     Robert Wace
History     Charles IV (the Fair)
Philip VI (the Fortunate)
John II (the Good)
Charles of Anjou
Charles V (the Wise)
Louis IX
Louis VII the Young
William I (the Conqueror)
Charles VI (the Mad)
Odo of Paris
Charles III (the Simple)
Robert I
Rudolph
Louis IV (d'Outremer)
Hugh Capet
Robert II (the Pious)
Philip I
Louis VI (the Fat)
Philip II Augustus
Louis VIII (the Lion)
Philip III (the Bold)
Philip IV (the Fair)
Louis X (the Quarreller)
John I (the Posthumous)
Philip V (the Tall)
Charles VII (the Victorious)
Joan of Arc, Saint
Louis V (Do-Nothing)
Henry I (the Fowler)
Lothair I
Odo of Paris
Religion     St. Leo IX, Pope
Nicholas II, Pope
Sylvester II, Pope
Muhammad
Benedict XII, Pope
Pierre d'Ailly
Berengar of Tours
Sylvester II, Pope
St. Callistus II, Pope
Urban IV, Pope
Clement IV, Pope
Blessed Innocent V, Pope
Martin IV, Pope
Clement V, Pope
John XXII, Pope
Clement VI, Pope
Innocent VI, Pope
Blessed Urban V, Pope
Gregory XI, Pope
Bernard, Saint
Julian, Saint
Roch, Saint
Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac
Peter (the Hermit)
Fredegis of Tours
Urban II, Pope
Philosophy     Peter Abelard
Jean Roscelin
Jean Buridan
Jean Charlier de Gerson
Gulielmus Durandus
Amaury of Bène (Almaricus)
Gilbert de la Porrée
William of St. Amour
William of Auvergne
Petrus Aureoli (Aureolus)
Anselm of Laon
William of Champeaux
Remi of Auxerre, Saint


Maps
France about 1035
France, 1154-1184
France in 1328
The Great Schism 1378 - 1417
Germanic Migrations and Conquests, 150-1066
The Frankish Empire after 888
The Peoples of Europe about 900
Europe 912
Tenth Century Europe
Europe and the Byzantine Empire about 1000
Feudal France
France about 1035
Germanic Migrations and Conquests, 150-1066
England - Dominions of William the Conqueror about 1087
England & the French Possessions of William I
Norman England
Europe and the Mediterranean Lands about 1097
Europe at the Time of the Crusades
France in 1154
France, 1154-1184
England & France, July 1185
Germany from the Tenth through the Twelfth Century
Angevin Dominions
Europe in 1190
Europe and the Mediterranean Lands about 1190
Europe - The Mediterranean Lands after 1204
England & France, 1259
England and Wales at the End of the Thirteenth Century
France after the Treaty of Paris
The Crusades
Europe - Development of Christianity, 590 to 1300
France in 1328
France at the Beginning of the Hundred Years' War
France at the Treaty of Bretigni, 1360
France after the Treaty of Bretigny
Europe 1360
Europe - The Great Schism 1378-1417
Expansion of Christianity
Henry V's First Campaign in France
Extent of the English Conquests in France, A. D. 1429
France in 1429
Orléans before Joan of Arc's Entry (1429 A.D.)
The Great Schism 1378 - 1417