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28 October, 2012
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Colonial Era
(1651 - 1764)

1651Eng. Navigation Act, gives Eng. ships monopoly of foreign trade    GO !
1652First law against slavery in North America enacted in Rhode Island
1660More comprehensive Navigation Act
1662Halfway Covenant adopted
1662Virginia - law passed stating that children born to a slave mother are also bound for life (slavery is now self-perpetuating)
1663Charles II grants 'Carolina' charter to 8 proprietors    GO !
1664Maryland Colony passes a law mandating lifetime servitude for black slaves, first colonial "anti-amalgamation" law
1664New Amsterdam becomes New York after Governor Peter Stuyvesant's surrender to English forces
1665Colony of New Jersey founded
1665New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia pass laws making slavery a lifelong sentence
1667Christian baptism no longer affects legal status of slaves
1669John Locke's constitution for Carolina approved, S. Carolina founded    GO !
1670Hudson's Bay Company incorporated by royal charter to trade in region of N. America draining into Hudson Bay
1672King Charles II of England charters the Royal African Company, which dominates the slave trade to North America for the next half century
1675King Philip's War starts    GO !
1675Bacon's Rebellion    GO !
1675Lords of Trade established: attempt to regulate colonial affairs and enforce uniformity
1675English take "New Netherlands", colony becomes New York
1676Virginia Assembly - reform laws
1676America's first draft laws - response to King Philip's War
1678End of King Philip's War
1680NM - Pueblo Revolt
1681William Penn receives charter for land which will become Pennsylvania     GO !
1682Virginia - law establishing the racial distinction between servants and slaves is enacted
1682LaSalle claims LA for France
1683Peace treaty between William Penn and N. American Indians
1684Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony is revoked
1685LaSalle settlement in Texas
1686Governor Andros appointed to rule over the "Dominion of New England", attempts to consolidate the colonies
1689Colonists rebel against Andros
1689Protestant Revolution in MD
1689NY - Leisler Rebellion
168912 May - King William's War begins when Montreal is raided by Indians who are allied with the English    GO !
1691Virginia "anti-amalgamation" law
1691New charter for Massachusetts (church membership no longer a voting requirement)
1692Salem witchcraft trials begin
1692Crown rule; Maryland governed as a royal colony rather than as a proprietary province.
1693All fugitive Africans who have escaped slavery in the British colonies and fled to Florida are granted their freedom by the Spanish monarchy
169730 September - King William's War ends with the Treaty of Ryswick
1701Iroquois set policy of neutrality
17024 November - Queen Anne's War begins when the French and their Indian allies attack some New England settlements in the frontier    GO !
1704Carolinians formally align with Creek Indians and sack the Spanish missions in Florida
1705Virginia Black Code
170914,000 inhabitants of the Palatinate emigrate to North America
1710Carolina colony divided into North and South
1711Virginia legislation appropriates funds to extirpate all Indians
1711NC - Tuscarora War
171311 April - The Treaty of Utrecht ends Queen Anne's War
1715SC - Yamasee War
1718French found New Orleans
1718City of San Antonio founded by the Spanish
1724Jewish settlers are exiled from the Louisiana colony
1729Natchez uprising in LA
1733Molasses Act
1735John Peter Zenger trial on freedom of the press issues
1739The Cato revolt
1739War of Jenkin's Ear begins
1739Stono (slave) Rebellion in SC
1740Land and Silver Bank Controversy
1744King George's War (ends 1748) American phase of the War of the Austrian Succession    GO !
1747Riots in Boston over impressment
174818 October - Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends King George's War, restoring the status quo ante in the colonies; general recognition of Pragmatic Sanction and of Francis I as Holy Roman Emperor
1750Old Hop (KA-NA-GA-TO-GA) Ascends to the title of "Uku", or chief of the Cherokee; Cherokee organised for the purpose of dealing with the English and French
1754The Seven Years (French and Indian) War unofficially begins
1754Albany Plan    GO !
1755The French and Indian War officially begins in America    GO !
1758Treaty of Easton
1759Cherokee War against the English begins
1760Economic slump this decade
1761Cherokee War against the English ends
1763The Seven Years war ends with the Treaties of Paris and Hubertusburg    GO !
1763Proclamation of 1763 orders that all land west of a line (roughly following the Appalachian crest) be reserved for Indians    GO !
1764Pontiac's Rebellion in Ohio valley
1763Pan-Indian Movement under Pontiac to drive the British out of the Ohio valley
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Stamp Act
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The Indian Massacre in Virginia
John Smith and the Jamestown Colony
Introductory Remarks
New Peoples
The Leisler Revolt in New York
The Settlement of New York
Religious Dissensions in New England
The Spanish Invasion of Georgia
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Political Development in America
England and Her Colonies
How the Stamp Act was Received in America
A Parliamentary Examination
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Catholic, Philosopher, and Rebel
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Fifty Years of Fools and Heroes
The Plains of Abraham and the Stamp Act
Chapter III - The Problem of Imperial Organization. The Albany Plan
Chapter IV - The Writs of Assistance and the Revenue Act
Chapter V - The Stamp Act

The Navigation Act
(October 1651)
Charter of Carolina
(24 March 1663)
Nathaniel Bacon's "Declaration of the People"
[First] Proclamation of Thanksgiving, 1676
(20 June 1676)
Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania-1681
(4 March 1681)
Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges
(28 October 1701)
Treaty of Paris, 1763
(10 February 1763)
Proclamation of 1763
(7 October 1763)
Stamp Act

Bacon's Rebellion
An unsuccessful uprising by frontiersmen in Virginia in 1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon against the colonial government in Jamestown
French-Indian War
(N.American Aspect of 7 Yrs War) Anglo-French conflicts from 1754 to 1763 for territory in North America
King George's War
North American phase of the war of Austrian succession
King Philip's War
The war (1675 - 1676) between New England colonists and a confederation of Indians under King Philip, chief of the Wampanoag
King William's War
American phase of the War of the Grand Alliance
Pontiac's Rebellion
Pontiac's Rebellion was a war launched in 1763 by North American Indians who were dissatisfied with British rule in the Great Lakes region and the Ohio Country after the British victory in the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War (17541763).
Queen Anne's War
American phase of the War of the Spanish Succession

Art     John Singleton Copley
Benjamin West
Literature     Anne Bradstreet
Johann Peter Zenger
History     John Adams
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Franklin
Nathaniel Bacon
Charles II
King Philip
William Penn
Sir Edmund Andros
William III
George II
Richard Henry Lee
Samuel Adams
George I
James II
Mary II
George II
John Smith
William Berkeley
James Edward Oglethorpe
Sir Edmund Andros
Religion     Jonathan Edwards
Cotton Mather
Innocent X, Pope (Saint)
Alexander VII, Pope
Clement IX, Pope
Clement X, Pope
Blessed Innocent XI, Pope
Alexander VIII, Pope
Innocent XII, Pope
Clement XI, Pope
Innocent XIII, Pope
Benedict XIII, Pope
Clement XII, Pope
Benedict XIV, Pope
Philosophy     John Locke

Exploration and Settlement Before 1675
Colonial North America
Exploration and Settlement 1675-1800
Eastern & Central America 1763
Eastern & Central America 1755