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Site last updated
26 June, 2013

Constitutional Era
(1783 - 1799)

1783Great Britain recognises American independence
1784Treaty of Fort Stanwix with the Iroquois    GO !
1784Spain closes the Mississippi River to American navigation
1785Commercial Treaty signed between Prussia and the U.S.
1785James Madison's Religious Freedom Act abolishes religious tests in Virginia
1785Land Ordinance for the Northwest Territory
1785Jay-Gardoqui negotiations
178528 November - Treaty of Hopewell with the Cherokee
1786The Barbary Treaties
1786Shay's Rebellion
1786Annapolis Convention calls for revision of the Articles of Confederation    GO !
1787Northwest Ordinance    GO !
1787Federalist Papers published by Hamilton, Jay, and Madison    GO !
178725 May - The Federal Convention convenes in Philadelphia
178717 September - The Constitution is approved and is sent to the states for ratification
1788Constitution ratified    GO !
1789Hamilton tariff
1789Jay-Gardoqui Treaty
1789George Washington elected the First President of the United States     GO !
1789Knox's report on Indian Affairs
1789Federal Judiciary Act    GO !
1790First session of the Supreme Court of the U.S.
1790Hamilton's Reports on the Public Credit
1791Washington, D. C. established as U. S. capital
1791Vermont is the 14th state admitted to the Union
1791First ten amendments to U.S. constitution (Bill of Rights) ratified    GO !
1791Whiskey Tax
1791Hamilton's Report on Manufacturers
1792Kentucky is the 15th state admitted to the Union
1792The United States Military Draft is established
1792The United States Mint is established
1792The United States Postal Service is established
1792Two political parties formed in the U.S.: The Republican and the Federalist
1792G Washington re-elected
1793Chisholm v. Georgia (paves way for passage of 11th Amendment)
1793Outbreak of war in Europe results in Washington's Neutrality Proclamation    GO !
1793Jefferson resigns from cabinet    GO !
1793Controversy over Citizen GenÍt's visit
1794Jay's Treaty provides for withdrawal of British forces from the Northwest Territory by 1 June 1796 in exchange for payments of war debts to British citizens    GO !
1794U.S. Navy established
1794Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania
1794Battle of Fallen Timbers
1795Treaty of San Lorenzo between U.S. and Spain settles boundary with Florida
1795Controversy over Jay's Treaty with England
179511th Amendment Ratified    GO !
17953 August - Treaty of Greenville    GO !
1796Tennessee is the 16th state admitted to the Union
1796Pinckney's Treaty
1796John Adams elected second president of the U.S.    GO !
1796Spain declares war on Britain
1796Congress establishes Indian Factory System
1796Tennessee is admitted to the Union as a slave-holding state
1797A cast-iron plow is invented, but farmers fear it will poison the soil and refuse to use it
1797XYZ Affair in France
1798Congress abolishes debtors' prisons
1798Naturalization Act
1798Alien and Sedition Acts    GO !
1798Kentucky Resolution Approved    GO !
1798"Quasi" war with France
1798Virginia Resolution Approved    GO !
1799Fries Uprising
1799Logan Act
1799Trials of David Brown and Luther Baldwin
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
The First Wildlife Artists
Articles of Confederation
The Problem of Expansion
Constitutional Convention
Debate and Compromise
Ratification and the Bill of Rights
President Washington
Hamilton vs. Jefferson
Citizen Genet and Foreign Policy
State Constitutions
The Whiskey Insurrection in Pennsylvania
The Pioneer of Kentucky
War with the Western Indians
The Purchase of Louisiana
Stephen Decatur and the Frigate Philadelphia
Classical Revival Architecture (Adam style)
Classical Revival Architecture II
American History Painters
XYZ Affair
Chapter XIII - The Tribulations of the Confederate Period. The Chief Problem of the Time
Chapter XIV - The Federal Convention I: Determination to Found a National Government
Chapter XV - The Adoption of the Constitution
Chapter XVI - Organization of the Government.
Chapter XVII - The Establishment of the Executive Departments and the Development of the Cabinet
Chapter XVIII - The Establishment of the Authority of the Executive in Foreign Affairs
Chapter XIX - The Alien and Sedition Acts
Chapter XXXII - Jackson and the Bank. The Emergence of the Modern Presidency.

Documents
Treaty of Fort Stanwix
(22 October 1784)
The Annapolis Convention
(14 September 1786)
The Northwest Ordinance
(13 July 1787)
Constitution of the United States
(17 September 1787)
Treaty of Fort Hamar
(9 January 1789)
Federal Judiciary Act
(24 September 1789)
Bill of Rights
(25 September 1789)
The Proclamation of Neutrality
(22 April 1793)
Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793
(22 April 1793)
The Canandaigua/Pickering Treaty
(11 November 1794)
The Jay Treaty
(19 November 1794)
Treaty between the United States and the Oneida, Tuscorora and Stockbridge Indians living in the country of the Oneidas
(2 December 1794)
11th Amendment
(7 February 1795)
Treaty of Greenville
(3 August 1795)
Alien and Sedition Acts
(1798)


Conflicts


Notables
Art     Benjamin West
John Singleton Copley
Gilbert Stuart
Charles Willson Peale
John Trumbull
James Peale
Rembrandt Peale
History     Alexander Hamilton
John Jay
John Adams
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Franklin
Daniel Shays
James Madison
Edmond Charles GenÍt
Gouverneur Morris
James Wilson
Rufus King
Elbridge Gerry
Roger Sherman
George Mason
Edmond Charles GenÍt
Religion     Pius VI, Pope


Maps
Territorial Growth 1790
North America 1797
Exploration and Settlement 1675-1800
The United States, 1783-1803
Northern Frontier 1783-1812
United States 1783