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26 June, 2013

The Age of Jackson
(1830 - 1849)

1830Preemption Act
1830Webster-Hayne debate and Jackson-Calhoun toast
1830Indian Removal Act    GO !
1831Eaton Affair
1831Southampton insurrection: Virginia slave revolt led by Nat Turner
1832Department of Indian Affairs established
1832Tariff of 1832
1832Andrew Jackson re-elected President of the U.S.    GO !
1832Jackson vetoes U.S. Bank charter    GO !
1832Worcester v. Georgia (state law does not apply to Indians on tribal lands)    GO !
1832Nullification Crisis    GO !
1832Removal of funds from U.S. Bank to state banks
1832Black Hawk War
1833Force Bill
1833Compromise tariff
1833Calhoun resigns as vice president
1834The Indian Territory is established in what is now Oklahoma
1834Indian Intercourse Act
1834National Trades Union founded
1834Whig party established
1835Second Seminole War    GO !
1836Arkansas is the 25th state admitted to the Union
1836Gag Rule imposed
1836Specie circular
1836Texas declares independence    GO !
1837Michigan is the 26th state admitted to the Union
1837Caroline Affair
1837Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (reverses Dartmouth College v. Woodward; property rights can be overridden by public need)
1837Panic of 1837
1837Martin van Buren inaugurated President of the U.S.    GO !
1838Beginning of the Trail of Tears
1838Aroostook War
1839The Amistad Insurrection
1840Liberty party formed
1840Independent Treasury Act
1840William Henry Harrison elected president    GO !
1841William Henry Harrison dies one month after his inauguration, John Tyler succeeds him    GO !
1841Distributive Preemption Act
1842Webster-Ashburton Treaty between Great Britain and the U.S. defines Canadian frontier
1844Treaty of Annexation (Texas)    GO !
1844China and the U.S. sign first treaty of peace, amity, and commerce
1845Florida is the 27th state admitted to the Union
1845Texas is the 28th state admitted to the Union
1845James K. Polk inaugurated as President of the U.S.    GO !
1845"Manifest Destiny" coined
1844United States annexes Texas and sends troops to the Rio Grande    GO !
1845Americans attempt to purchase California and New Mexico
1846Iowa is the 29th state admitted to the Union
1846Walker Tariff Bill
1846Polk Doctrine declared
1846Resolution of Oregon question    GO !
1846Wilmot Proviso
184613 May - U.S. declares war against Mexico    GO !
1847Treaty of Cahuenga ends Mexican-American War hostilities in California
1847Liberia proclaimed independent republic
1848Wisconsin is the 30th state admitted to the Union
1848Free-Soil party founded
184810 March - U.S. Senate ratifies Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (with amendments)    GO !
1849Zachary Taylor inaugurated as President of the U.S.    GO !
1849California gold rush begins
1849Bureau of Indian Affairs shifted to Interior Department
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
Battle of the Bank
Whigs, Democrats and "Know-Nothings"
Stirrings of Reform
Women's Rights
Westward
Seneca Falls
Nullification Crisis
Classical Revival Architecture II
Gothic Revival Architecture
Chapter XXXVI - The Annexation of Texas
Chapter XXXVII - War with Mexico. The Wilmot Proviso. Slavery in the Territories

Documents
The Removal Act
(28 May 1830)
Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia
(1831)
Worcester v. Georgia
(1832)
Treaty With The Potawatomi
(27 October 1832)
Proclamation Regarding Nullification
(10 December 1832)
Texas Declaration of Independence
(2 March 1836)
Treaty With The Potawatomi
(5 August 1836)
Treaty with the New York Indians
(15 January 1838)
Treaty of Annexation (Texas)
(12 April 1844)
President Polk's War Message
(11 May 1846)
The Oregon Treaty
(15 June 1846)
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
(2 February 1848)
The Protocol of Quéretaro
(26 May 1848)


Conflicts
Mexican-American War
Conflict between the United States and Mexico over the annexation of Texas and the ambition of acquiring California
Seminole Wars
A series of conflicts between the Seminole Indians in Florida and the American forces determined to remove them to designated "Indian territories"


Notables
Art     George Caleb Bingham
Thomas Cole
Asher B. Durand
Thomas Sully
Samuel F.B. Morse
Nathaniel Currier
James Peale
Rembrandt Peale
George Catlin
Literature     Henry David Thoreau
Edgar Allen Poe
John Greenleaf Whittier
Walt Whitman
William Cullen Bryant
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
James Fenimore Cooper
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Richard Wilbur
Oliver Wendell Holmes
James Russell Lowell
Washington Irving
History     Henry Clay
Daniel Webster
John C. Calhoun
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
James K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Daniel Webster
John Marshall
William Crawford
Horace Mann
Dorothea Lynde Dix
Frances Wright
Sam Houston
Lucretia Coffin Mott
William Lloyd Garrison
Horace Greeley
Cornelius Vanderbilt
John C. Bell
Religion     Brigham Young
Henry Ward Beecher
Pius VIII, Pope
Gregory XVI, Pope
Pius IX, Pope
Philosophy     William H. Prescott


Maps
Territorial Growth 1830
Territorial Growth 1840
The Organization of Territories in the United States since 1803
Sources of the Mississippi River 1834
Oregon Trail
The Indians in the United States
Westward Expansion 1815-1845
Exploration and Settlement 1820-1835
Exploration and Settlement 1835-1850
The Organization of Territories in the United States since 1803