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26 June, 2013

Preparing for War
(1850 - 1860)

1850The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty    GO !
1850California is the 31st state admitted to the Union
1850U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies; Millard Fillmore becomes 13th president    GO !
1850California admitted to the Union
1850Compromise of 1850, including Fugitive Slave Act    GO !
1850Beginning of "Young America" movement
1852Franklin Pierce elected president    GO !
1853Gadsden Purchase
1854Walker Expedition
1854Convention of Kanagawa
1854"War for Bleeding Kansas" between free and slave states in U.S.    GO !
1854Elgin Treaty between Britain and U.S. on Canadian trade
1854Ostend Manifesto
1854Kansas-Nebraska Act nullifies Missouri Compromise    GO !
1854Republican and Know-Nothing parties formed
1856John Brown's massacre in Kansas
1856Sumner-Brooks incident in Senate
1856James Buchanan elected president    GO !
1857The Dred Scott Decision    GO !
1857Panic of 1857
1857Lecompton constitution in Kansas
1857Trade opens with Japan
1858Minnesota is the 32nd state admitted to the Union
1858U.S. is party to Treaty of Tientsin
1858Lincoln-Douglas debates
1859Oregon is the 33rd state admitted to the Union
1859John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry
1859Value of U.S. industrial production exceeds value of agricultural production
1860The Crittenden Compromise    GO !
1860Abraham Lincoln elected President of the U.S.    GO !
1860Cotton production and prices peak
1860Democratic party splits
1860Four-party campaign
Related Articles/Works
Daily Life
Lands of Promise
Slavery and Sectionalism
The Abolitionists
The Compromise of 1850
Two Americas
Lincoln, Douglas and Brown
A Divided Nation
Events Preceding the Civil War
Gothic Revival Architecture
Italianate Architecture
Chapter XXXIV - Chief Justice Taney and the Supreme Court
Chapter XXXV - Early Controversies Over the Slavery Problem (1833-1842)
Chapter XXXVIII - The Compromise of 1850
Chapter XXXIX - The Election of 1852 and the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise
Chapter XL - The Dred Scott Case
Chapter XLI - The Struggle for Kansas
Chapter XLII - The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Documents
Compromise of 1850
(1850)
The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
(19 April 1850)
Kansas-Nebraska Act
(30 May 1854)
An Act to Organize the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas
(30 May 1854)
The Dred Scott Decision
(1857)
The Crittenden Compromise
(18 December 1860)


Conflicts
Mexican-American War
Conflict between the United States and Mexico over the annexation of Texas and the ambition of acquiring California
Seminole Wars
A series of conflicts between the Seminole Indians in Florida and the American forces determined to remove them to designated "Indian territories"
War for Bleeding Kansas
The opening of Kansas to settlement under the Douglas doctrine of "popular sovereignty" precipitated a conflict between free-soil and pro-slavery forces


Notables
Music     Louis Moreau Gottschalk
Art     Winslow Homer
George Caleb Bingham
Thomas Moran
Asher B. Durand
Thomas Sully
Samuel F.B. Morse
Frederic Edwin Church
Nathaniel Currier
Sanford Robinson Gifford
George Inness
George Catlin
Literature     Henry David Thoreau
John Greenleaf Whittier
Walt Whitman
William Cullen Bryant
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Bret Harte
James Fenimore Cooper
Oliver Wendell Holmes
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Richard Wilbur
Emily Dickinson
James Russell Lowell
Artemus Ward
Washington Irving
History     Henry Clay
John Brown
James Buchanan
Abraham Lincoln
Stephen Arnold Douglas
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
John Burgoyne
Frederick Douglass
Daniel Webster
Horace Mann
Dorothea Lynde Dix
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Lucretia Coffin Mott
William Lloyd Garrison
Horace Greeley
Susan Brownell Anthony
Winfield Scott
John Fremont
Salmon Portland Chase
Cornelius Vanderbilt
James Gillespie Blaine
Religion     Brigham Young
Henry Ward Beecher
Pius IX, Pope
Philosophy     William H. Prescott


Maps
Exploration and Settlement 1850-1890
Territorial Growth 1850
Territorial Growth 1860
Captain Marcy's route though Texas 1854
The Organization of Territories in the United States since 1803
The Indians in the United States
The Organization of Territories in the United States since 1803