- Glossary definition: Choctaw

Native American people originally from the southeast United States (Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana)of Muskoghean linguistic stock. In the nineteenth century, they were known as one of the "Five Civilized Tribes," so-called because they had integrated a number of cultural and technological "practices" of Europeans. The Choctaws are famous for their extreme generosity in providing famine relief during the Irish Potato Famine.