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Topics in Literature
Rhyme aka rime
The repetition of the accented vowel sound and all succeeded sounds in important or importantly positioned words. See perfect rhyme and identical rhyme.
Approximate Rhyme aka imperfect, near, slant or oblique rhyme
A term used for words in a rhyming pattern that have some kind of sound correspondence but are not perfect rhymes. Approximate rhymes occur occasionally in patterns where most of the rhymes are perfect, and sometimes are used systematically in place of perfect rhyme.
A reversed rhyme, such as 'trot' and 'tort'.
Rhyming only with the consonants in the terminal syllable(s). Examples would include 'tell'/'toll' and 'concrete'/'litcrit'.
A rhyme in which the repeated vowel is in the second last syllable of the words involved; one form of feminine rhyme. Example: 'listened' and 'glistened'.
Rhyming with an initial or medial syllable of a word that is split between two lines with a hyphen.
Words rhyming only as spelled, not as pronounced, and hence not a perfect or true rhyme. An example is 'through' and 'slough'.
Rhymes that occur at the ends of lines.
Masculine Rhyme aka Single Rhyme
A rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the final syllable of the words involved.
A rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel is in either the second or third last syllable of the words involved.
Perfect rhyme assumes that the accented vowel sounds involved are preceded by differing consonant sounds.
Where the accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds are preceded by the same consonant sound or no consonant sound in either word, or when the same word is repeated in the rhyming position, we have identical rhymes.
A forced rhyme in which the spelling and sound of a word are distorted.
Rhymes identical in sound (or spelling) but semantically different. Example:
"Felicity was present
To pick up her present."
A form of verse which consists of stanzas of seven ten-syllable lines, rhyming ababbcc. It was first used by Chaucer, and was also the form chosen by Shakespeare for the tragic gravity of his narrative poem Lucrece
Tail rhyme, a stanza in which a usually closing short line rhymes with a previous short line and is separated from it by longer lines
Tail Rhyme see Caudet sonnet
A stanza with a tail, tag, or extra short line that may rhyme with another such line later on. Example: Michael Drayton's Nymphidia.
The use of only one rhyme in a stanza (aaaa etc.)
An example is Dante Gabriel Rossetti's The Woodspurge.
An interlocking rhyme scheme with the pattern aba bcb cdc, etc. Percy Bysshe Shelley's Ode to the West Wind is an example.
A rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the third last syllable of the words involved; one form of feminine rhyme.
An eight line verse stanza rhyming abababcc. In English it is usually in iambic pentameter. It was introduced into English by Sir Thomas Wyatt in the 1530s, and was widely used for long verse narratives. Sir John Harington translated Ariosto's Orlando furioso into ottava rima in 1591; Byron used the form in Don Juan.
Any fixed pattern of rhymes characterising a whole poem or its stanzas.
contributed by Gifford, Katya
9 November 2004