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An Outline of American History
by U.S. Department of State


This U.S. Department of State's Bureau of International Information Program publication follows the path taken by American literature as it has moved from the pre-colonial days of orally transmitted tales of Native American cultures, through the periods of realism, romanticism, and experimentation, to the prose and poetry of the past 50 years.

CHAPTER 1: Early America
The First Americans
Mound Builders and Pueblos
Native American Cultures
The First Europeans
Early Settlements
Jamestown
Massachusetts
New Netherland and Maryland
Colonial-Indian Relations
Second Generation of British Colonies
Settlers, Slaves and Servants
The Enduring Mystery of the Anasazi
CHAPTER 2: The Colonial Period
New Peoples
New England
The Middle Colonies
The Southern Colonies
Society, Schools, and Culture
Emergence of Colonial Government
The French and Indian War
The Witches of Salem
CHAPTER 3: The Road to Independence
A New Colonial System
Stamp Act
Taxation Without Representation
Townshend Acts
Samuel Adams
Boston "Tea Party"
The Coercive Acts
The Revolution Begins
Common Sense and Independence
Defeats and Victories
Franco-American Alliance
The British Move South
Victory and Independence
Loyalists During the American Revolution
CHAPTER 4: The Formation of a National Government
State Constitutions
Articles of Confederation
The Problem of Expansion
Constitutional Convention
Debate and Compromise
Ratification and the Bill of Rights
President Washington
Hamilton vs. Jefferson
Citizen Genet and Foreign Policy
Adams and Jefferson
Louisiana and Britain
War of 1812
The Second Great Awakening
CHAPTER 5: Westward Expansion and Regional Differences
Building Unity
Extension of Slavery
Latin America and the Monroe Doctrine
Factionalism and Political Parties
Nullification Crisis
Battle of the Bank
Whigs, Democrats and "Know-Nothings"
Stirrings of Reform
Women's Rights
Westward
Seneca Falls
CHAPTER 6: Sectional Conflict
Two Americas
Lands of Promise
Slavery and Sectionalism
The Abolitionists
Texas and War with Mexico
The Compromise of 1850
A Divided Nation
Lincoln, Douglas and Brown
Secession and Civil War
Western Advance, Eastern Stalemate
Gettysburg to Appomattox
With Malice Toward None
Radical Reconstruction
The End of Reconstruction
Peace Democrats, Copperheads and Draft Riots
CHAPTER 7: Growth and Transformation
Technology and Change
Carnegie and the Era of Steel
Corporations and Cities
Railroads, Regulations and the Tariff
Revolution in Agriculture
The Divided South
The Last Frontier
The Plight of the Indians
Ambivalent Empires
The Canal and the Americas
United States and Asia
CHAPTER 8: Discontent and Reform
Agrarian Distress and the Rise of Populism
The Struggles of Labor
The Reform Impulse
Roosevelt's Reforms
Taft and Wilson
A Nation of Nations
CHAPTER 9: War, Prosperity and Depression
War and Neutral Rights
United States Enters World War I
The League of Nations
Postwar Unrest
The Booming 1920's
Tensions over Immigration
Clash of Cultures
The Great Depression
CHAPTER 10: The New Deal and World War
Roosevelt and the New Deal
Unemployment
Agriculture
Industry and Labor
The Second New Deal
A New Coalition
Eve of World War II
Japan, Pearl Harbor and War
The War in North Africa and Europe
The War in the Pacific
The Politics of War
War, Victory and the Bomb
The Rise of Industrial Unions
CHAPTER 11: Postwar America
Consensus and Change
Cold War Aims
Harry Truman's Leadership
Origins of the Cold War
Containment
The Cold War in Asia and the Middle East
Eisenhower and the Cold War
The Cold War at Home
The Postwar Economy: 1945-1960
The Fair Deal
Eisenhower's Approach
The Culture of the 1950's
Origins of the Civil Rights Movement
Desegregation
CHAPTER 12: Decades of Change
Kennedy and the New Frontier
Lyndon Johnson and the Great Society
Confrontation over Cuba
The Space Program
The War in Vietnam
Detente
Nixon's Accomplishments and Defeats
The Ford Interlude
The Carter Years
Post-Vietnam Foreign Policy
The Civil Rights Movement 1960-1980
The Women's Movement
The Latino Movement
The Native American Movement
The Counter-Culture and Environmentalism
CHAPTER 13: Toward the 21st Century
A Society in Transition
Conservatism and the Rise of Ronald Reagan
The Economy in the 1980's
Foreign Affairs
U.S.-Soviet Relations
Space Shuttle
Iran-Contra and Black Monday
The Presidency of George Bush
Budgets and Deficits
End to the Cold War
The Gulf War
Panama and NAFTA
1992 Presidential Election
A Nation of Immigrants
Third-Party and Independent Candidates
Afterword
Personae

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