Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz (May 29, 1860 - May 19, 1909) was a Spanish pianist and composer, best known for his piano works that are based on Spanish folk music.
Born in Camprodon, Catalonia, Albéniz was a child prodigy who first performed at the age of four. After a short stay at the Leipzig conservatory, in 1876 he went to study in Brussels. In 1880, he went to Budapest to study with Franz Liszt, only to find out that Liszt was in Weimar, Germany.
In 1883 he met the teacher and composer Felipe Pedrell (1841-1921), who inspired him to write Spanish music such as the Suite Espańola, Op. 47.
During the 1890s Albéniz lived in London and Paris and wrote mainly theatrical works. In 1900 started to suffer from a kidney disease and returned to the writing of piano music. Between 1905 and 1909 he composed his most famous work, Iberia (1906-1909), a suite of twelve piano "impressions".
Albéniz died in Cambo-les-Bains, France, on May 19, 1909 in the French Pyrenees and lies buried on the Cementeri del Sudoest, Barcelona.