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Frankish Kings
Merovingian kings
  • Pharamond ca. 410-426
  • Clodio 426-447
  • Merovech 447-458
  • Childeric I 458-481
  • Clovis I 481-511
Upon Clovis' death, the kingdom was split among his four sons:

Soissons Paris Orleans Reims
  • Clotaire I 511-561
  • Childebert I 511-558
  • Clotaire I 558-561
  • Chlodomer 511-524
  • Childebert I 524-558
  • Clotaire I 558-561
  • Theuderic I 511-534
  • Theudebert I 534-548
  • Theudebald 548-555
  • Clotaire I 555-561


Clotaire (of Soissons) eventually took over the other three kingdoms after the deaths of his brothers (or their successors). After his own death, the kingdom was once again split among his four sons:

Soissons (Neustria) Paris Orleans (Burgundy) Metz (Austrasia)
  • Chilperic I 561-584
  • Clotaire II 584-629
  • Charibert I 561-567
  • Chilperic I 567-584
  • Clotaire II 584-629
  • Guntram 561-592
  • Childebert II 592-595
  • Theuderic II 595-613
  • Sigebert II 613
  • Sigebert I 561-575
  • Childebert II 575-595
  • Theudebert II 595-612
  • Theuderic II 612-613
  • Sigebert II 613
  • Clotaire II 584-623


Clotaire II defeated Brunhilda and her offspring and reunified the kingdom. However, in 623 he created the sub-kingdom of Austrasia, in order to appease particularistic forces and also to secure the borders. His son and successor Dagobert I emulated this move by appointing sub-kings for Aquitaine in 629 and Austrasia in 634.

Neustria & Burgundy Aquitaine Austrasia
  • Clotaire II 584-629
  • Dagobert I 629-639
  • Clotaire II 584-629
  • Charibert II 629-632
  • Chilperic 632
  • Dagobert I 632-639
  • Dagobert I 623-634
  • Sigebert III 634-656


Neustria & Burgundy Austrasia
  • Clovis II 639-658
  • Clotaire III 658-673
  • Theuderic III 673
  • Childeric II 673-675
  • Theuderic III 675-691
  • Sigebert III 634-656
  • Childebert the Adopted 656-661
  • Clotaire III 661-662
  • Childeric II 662-675
  • Clovis III 675-676
  • Dagobert II 676-679
  • Theuderic III 675-691
  • Clovis IV 691-695
  • Childebert III 695-711 (the Just)
  • Dagobert III 711-715
Neustria & Burgundy Austrasia
  • Chilperic II 715-721 (Daniel)
  • Chilperic II 715-717 (Daniel)
  • Clotaire IV 717-720
  • Chilperic II 720-721 (Daniel)
  • Theuderic IV 720-737
  • Interregnum 737-743
  • Childeric III 743-751 (the Idiot)


Carolingians

The Carolingians initially were Mayors of the Palace under Merovingian kings in the sub-kingdom of Austrasia and later in the reunited Frankish realm:
  • Pippin the Elder (580-640), Mayor of Austrasia 623-629, 639-640
  • Ansegisel (602-685), Mayor of Austrasia 629-639
  • Grimoald (616-662), son of Pippin, Mayor of Austrasia 643-657
  • Pippin the Middle (640-714), son of Ansegisel, Mayor of Austrasia 679-714, since 688 as Duke and Prince of the Franks de facto ruler of the whole kingdom
  • Charles Martel (690-741), Mayor of Austrasia 717-741, since 718 of the whole kingdom
  • Carloman (716-754), Mayor of Austrasia 741-747
  • Pippin the Younger (714-768), Mayor of Neustria 741-751, since 747 also Mayor of Austrasia
When Pippin the Younger became king, the Carolingians succeeded the Merovingian dynasty:
  • Pippin the Younger (714-768), 751-768
  • Charlemagne (742-814), 768-814 (at first only Neustria, Aquitaine, northern Austrasia)
  • Carloman 768-771 (Burgundy, Allemania, southern Austrasia)
  • Louis the Pious (778-840), 814-840
  • Lothar I (795-855), 817-855 (until 840 under his father)
The Frankish kingdom was then divided with the Treaty of Verdun in 843 among the sons of Louis the Pious. The following table lists only the rulers of the West Franks and Lotharingia.

West Franks (eventually France) Lotharingia
Names marked * were not Carolingians, but still distantly related to the dynasty.
  • Charles the Bald (823-877), 843-877, Emperor 875
  • Louis the Stammerer (846-879), 877-879
  • Louis III (863-882), 879-882, jointly with
  • Carloman (died 884), 879-884
  • Charles the Fat 884-888, Eastern kingdom 876-887, Emperor 881
  • Odo of Paris (died 898), * 888-898
  • Charles the Simple (879-929), 898-922
  • Robert (865-923), * 922-923
  • Rudolph of Burgundy * 923-936
  • Louis IV (914-984), 936-954
  • Lothar 954-986
  • Louis V, 986-987
After this, the Capetian dynasty ruled France. For the continuation, see the list of French monarchs.
  • Lothar I (795-855), 817-855, Emperor 840
After Lothar's death in 855, his realm was divided between his sons:
  • Louis II, the eldest son, succeeded his father as Emperor and received Italy. For the continuation, see King of Italy
  • Lothar II, the second son, received the Frankish parts of his father's realm, which after him were called Lotharingia.
  • Charles received Burgundy. For the continuation, see King of Burgundy.
Kings of Lotharingia
  • Lothar II (835-869), 855-869
  • Charles the Bald (823-877), 869-877
Charles the Bald claimed Lotharingia at his nephew's death and was crowned king in Metz, but his brother Louis the German opposed his claim and in 870 the Treaty of Meersen divided Lotharingia between the two brothers and subsequently their sons. In 880, the Treaty of Ribemont gave the whole of Lotharingia to Louis the Younger, son of Louis the German.
  • Louis the Younger 880-882
  • Charles the Fat 882-887
  • Arnulf of Carinthia 887-895
  • Zwentibold (870/1-900), illegimate son of Arnulf of Carinthia, 895-900
  • Louis the Child (893-911), 900-911
  • Charles the Simple (879-929), 911-922

Contributed by Wikipedia
11 April 2006

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