and arms. The Brookfield affair had the effect of bringing in the faltering tribes and Philip's coming confirmed the plan to clear the Connecticut Valley of English settlers. Massachusetts Colony raised several companies to protect the frontiers. Capt. Mosely with his own and Capt. Henchman's men marched from Mendon, and Captains Thomas Lathrop of Essex County with a fine company, and Richard Beers of Watertown with another, marched to Brookfield where their forces were joined by Capt. Watts of Connecticut with two companies of English and Indians. Major Willard took command of this force, and broke it into several parties in order to better protect the several settlements. These companies were engaged in scouting the frontiers and guarding supplies sent up to the various garrisons. The Springfield Indians, hitherto pretending friendship, fled and joined the hostiles on the night of August 24th; and the English, pursuing, had a sharp fight with them at a swamp near Mt. Wequomps losing nine of their own men. The English troops were concentrated at Hadley under the general command of Major Pynchon. On Sept 1st the Indians attacked Deerfield burning most of the houses and killing one of the garrison soldiers and then withdrew. On the 2nd they fell upon Northfield, where many of the people were abroad at work in the fields, and the women and children at the houses in the town. The assault was from all quarters at once and many were killed in the fields as they escaped from their houses to the garrison. The Indians burned most of their houses and drove away their cattle. On the 3rd Capt. Beers, with thirty mounted men and an oxteam, was sent to bring off the garrison of Northfield not knowing of this attack. This force on the next day was ambushed at SawMill Brook, near Northfield, and Capt. Beers and some twenty of his men were killed. Next day Major Treat with a hundred men marched up to Northfield, finding and burying the dead of Capt. Beer's company and then bringing off the garrison. It was now decided to strengthen the garrisons and act upon the defensive. Upon Sept. 18th Capt. Lathrop with his company was sent to convoy teams bringing loads of grain from Deerfield to Hadley. A strong ambuscade was made at a place known since as "Bloody Brook," and there the Indians encompassed and massacred nearly the whole company, some eighty, including the teamsters. Only eight or ten escaped. The number killed was between sixty and seventy. Capt. Mosely came hastily from Deerfield upon hearing the shots and engaged the great company of several hundreds of Indians, charging in amongst them with intrepid fury which drove them headlong before him into the woods and swamps; but finding them gathering in immense numbers and seeking to surround him, he threw out his lines to prevent being flanked and began a cautious retreat; when Major Treat coming upon the field, the Indians seeing the reinforcements, fled.
These terrible reverses threw a gloomy, superstitious fear over