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History of Philosophy
Pre-Socratic Philosophy
by Turner, William (S.T.D.)


This period comprises: (1) the Ionian School -- the philosophers of this school confined their attention to the study of Nature and sought out the material principle of natural phenomena; (2) the Pythagoreans, who made Number the basis of their philosophical system; (3) the Eleatics, whose speculations centered in the doctrine of the oneness and immutability of Being; (4) the Sophists, who, negatively, showed the unsatisfactory nature of all Knowledge, while, positively, they occasioned the inquiry into the conditions and limitations of knowledge.

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