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Site last updated
26 June, 2013
Early Britain--Roman Britain
Chronological Table
by Conybeare, Edward


DATE    EVENTS.        EMPEROR.
B.C.
350 (?)     Pytheas discovers Britain [I.D. 1]
100 (?)     Divitiacus Overlord of Britain (?)
    [II. B. 4]
    Gauls settle on Thames and Humber
    (?) [I.F. 4]
    Posidonius visits Britain [I.D. 3]
    Birth of Julius Caesar [II. A. 6]
58     Caesar conquers Gaul [II. A. 9]
56     Sea-fight with Veneti and Britons
    [II. B. 3]
55     First invasion of Britain
    [II. C., D.]
    Cassivellaunus Overlord of Britain
    (?) [II. F. 3]
    Mandubratius, exiled Prince of
    Trinobantes, appeals to Caesar (?)
    [II. E. 10]
54     Second Invasion of Britain
    [II. E., F., G.]
52     Revolt of Gaul. Commius, Prince
    of Arras, flies to Britain and
    reigns in South-east [III. A. 1]
44     Caesar slain [II. G. 9]
32     Battle of Actium [III. A. 6]        Augustus.
    About this time the sons of Commius
    reign in Kent, etc., Addeomarus
    over Iceni, and Tasciovan
    at Verulam [III. A. 1]
A.D.     About this time the Commian
    princes are overthrown
    [III. A. 2]
    Cymbeline, son of Tasciovan, becomes
    Overlord of Britain
    [III. A. 4]. Commians appeal to
    Augustus [III. A. 5]
14     Death of Augustus        Tiberius.
29     Consulship of the Gemini. The
    Crucifixion (?)
37     Death of Tiberius         Caligula.
40 (?)     Cymbeline banishes Adminius,
    who appeals to Rome [III. A. 5]
    Caligula threatens invasion
    [III. A. 6]
41     Caligula poisoned [III. A. 9]        Claudius.
    Death of Cymbeline (?). His son
    Caradoc succeeds
43     Antedrigus and Vericus contend
    for Icenian throne: Vericus appeals
    to Rome [III. A. 9]
44     Claudius subdues Britain [III. B.]
    Cogidubnus, King in South-east,
    made Roman Legate [III. C. 8]
45     Triumph of Claudius
    [III. C. 1, 2]
47     Ovation of Aulus Plautius, conqueror
    of Britain. [III. C. 2]
48     Vespasian and Titus crush British
    guerrillas [III. C. 3]
50     Britain made "Imperial" Province.
    Ostorius Pro-praetor
    [III. C. 9]
    Icenian revolt crushed [III. D.
    1-6].
    Camelodune a colony [III. D. 8]
51     Silurian revolt under Caradoc
    [III. D. 7, 8]
52     Caradoc captive [III. D. 9]
53     Uriconium and Caerleon founded
    [III. D. 12]
54     Death of Ostorius [III. D. 11]
55     Didius Gallus Pro-praetor. Last
    Silurian effort [III. D. 13]
    Death of Claudius [III. D. 13]        Nero.
56 (?)     Aulus Plautius marries Pomponia
    Graecina [V.E. 10]
61     Suetonius Paulinus Pro-praetor
    [III. E. 7]
    Massacre of Druids in Mona
    [III. E. 8, 9]
    Boadicean revolt [III. E. 2-13].
    St. Peter in Britain (?) [V.E. 5]
62     Turpiliannus Pro-praetor. "Peace"
    in Britain [III. E. 13]
63 (?)     Claudia Rufina Marries Pudens
    [V.E. 9]
64     Burning of Rome. First Persecution.
    St. Paul in Britain (?)
    [V.E. 4]
65     Aristobulus Bishop in Britain (?)
    [V.E. 5]
68     Death of Nero (June 10)        Galba.
    Galba slain (Dec. 16)        Civil War between
69     Otho slain (April 20)        Otho and Vitellius.
    Vitellius slain (Dec. 20)
    British army under Agricola        Vespasian.
    pronounces for Vespasian
    [III. F. 1]
70     Cerealis Pro-praetor. Brigantes
    subdued by Agricola [III. F. 1]
    Destruction of Jerusalem
    [IV. C. 5]
75     Frontinus Pro-praetor. Silurians
    subdued by Agricola [III. F. 2]
78     Agricola Pro-praetor. Ordovices
    and Mona subdued [III. F. 3]
79     Agricola Latinizes Britain [III.         Titus.
    F. 4]. Vespasian dies
80     Agricola's first Caledonian campaign
    [III. F. 5].
81     Agricola's rampart from Forth to        Domitian.
    Clyde [III. F. 7]. Titus dies
82     Agricola invades Ireland (?) [III.
    F. 5]
83     Agricola advances into Northern
    Caledonia [III. F. 5]
    First circumnavigation of Britain
    [III. F. 7]
84     Agricola defeats Galgacus [III.
    F. 6], resigns and dies [III. F. 7]
95     Second persecution. Flavia Domitilla
    [V.E. 11]
96     Domitian slain        Nerva.
98     Nerva dies        Trajan.
117     Trajan dies        Hadrian.
120     Hadrian visits Britain and builds Wall
    [IV. D. 1]
    Britain divided into "Upper" and
    "Lower" [IV. D. 3]
    First "Britannia" coinage [IV. D. 4]
138     Hadrian dies        Antoninus Pius.
139     Lollius Urbicus, Legate in Britain,
    replaces Agricola's rampart by turf
    wall from Forth to Clyde [IV. D. 5]
140     Britain made Pro-consular [IV. E. 5]
161     Antoninus dies        Marcus Aurelius.
180     British Church organized by Pope
    Eleutherius (?) [V.E. 12]
    Marcus Aurelius dies        Commodus.
181     Caledonian invasion driven back by
    Ulpius Marcellus [IV. E. 1]
184     Commodus "Britannicus" [IV. E. 1]
185     British army mutinies against reforms
    of Perennis [IV. E. 1]
187     Pertinax quells mutineers [IV. E. 3]
192     Pertinax superseded by Junius Severus
    [IV. E. 3]
    Death of Commodus        Interregnum.
193     Pertinax slain by Julianus and Albinus.        Pertinax; Julianus;
    Julianus slain        Albinus; Severus.
    Severus proclaimed. Albinus Emperor in
    Britain [IV. E. 3]
197     British army defeated at Lyons.        Severus.
    Albinus slain [IV. E. 3]
201     Vinius Lupus, Pro-praetor, buys off
    Caledonians [IV. E. 4]
208     Caledonian invasion. Severus comes to
    Britain [IV. E. 5]
209     Severus overruns Caledonia
    [IV. E. 5]
210     Severus completes Hadrian's Wall
    [IV. E. 6]
211     Severus dies at York [IV. G. 2]        Caracalla.
        Geta.
212     Geta murdered [IV. G. 2]        Caracalla.
215 (?)     Roman citizenship extended to
    British provincials [IV. G. 2]
(?)     Itinerary of Antonius [IV. A. 7]
217     Caracalla slain        Macrinus.
218     Macrinus slain        Helagabalus.
222     Helagabalus slain        Alexander Severus.
235     Alexander Severus slain        Maximin.
238     Maximin slain        Gordian.
244     Gordian slain        Philip.
249     Philip slain        Decius.
251     Decius slain        Gallus.
254     Gallus slain        Valerian.
        {Gallienus.
258     Postumus proclaimed Emperor in
    Britain [V.A. 1]
260     Valerian slain        Gallienus.
265     Victorinus associated with
    Postumus [V.A. 1]
268     Gallienus slain         Tetricus.
269     Tetricus slain        Claudius Gothicus.
270     Claudius Gothicus dies        Aurelian.
273 (?)     Constantius Chlorus marries
    Helen, a British lady [V.A. 6]
274     Constantine the Great born at
    York [V.A. 6]
275     Aurelian slain         Tacitus.
276     Tacitus slain         Florianus.
    Florianus slain        Probus.
277     Vandal prisoners deported to
    Britain [V.A. 1]
282     Probus slain        Carus.
283     Carus dies        Numerian.
284     Numerian dies        Carinus.
285     Carinus dies        Diocletian.
        Maximian.
286     Carausius, first "Count of the
    Saxon Shore," becomes Emperor
    in Britain [V.A. 3]
292     Constantine and Galerius "Caesars"
    [V.A. 5]
294     Carausius murdered by Allectus
    [V.A. 4]
296     Constantius slays Allectus and
    recovers Britain [V.A. 7, 8]
    Britain divided into four "Diocletian"
    Provinces [V.A. 9]
303     Tenth Persecution. Martyrdom
    of St. Alban [V.A. 11]
305     Diocletian and Maximian abdicate        Constantius.
    [V.A. 12]        Galerius.
306     Constantius dies at York [V.A.
    13]. Constantine, Galerius,
    Maxentius, Licinius, etc., contend        Interregnum.
    for Empire [V.A. 14]
312     Constantine with British Army
    wins at Milvian Bridge, and
    embraces Christianity [V.A. 14]        Constantine.
314     Council of Arles [V.E. 14]
325     Council of Nicaea [V.B. 1]
        Constantine II.
337     Constantine dies         Constantius II.
        Constans.
340     Constantine II. dies
343     Constans and Constantius II. visit
    Britain [V.B. 1]
350     Constans slain. Usurpation of        Constantius II.
    Magnentius in Britain [V.B. 3]
353     Magnentius dies [V.B. 3]
358     Britain under Julian. Exportation
    of corn [V.B. 4]
360     Council of Ariminum [V.E. 14]
361     Death of Constantius [V.B. 6]        Julian.
362     Lupicinus, Legate in Britain, repels
    first attacks of Picts
    and Scots [V.B. 5]
363     Julian dies        Valentinian.
        Valens.
365     Saxons, Picts, and Scots ravage
    shores of Britain [V.B. 7]
        Valentinian.
366     Gratian associated in Empire         Valens.
        Gratian.
367     Great barbarian raid on Britain
    Roman commanders slain
    [V.B. 7]
368     Theodosius, Governor of Britain,
    expels Picts and Scots
    [V.B. 7]
369     Theodosius recovers Valentia
    [V.B. 7]
374     Saxons invade Britain [V.B. 8]
        Valens.
375     Valentinian dies        Gratian.
        {Valentinian II.
        Gratian.
378     Valens slain. Theodosius associated        Valentinian II.
    in Empire        Theodosius.
383     Gratian slain. British Army proclaims         Valentinian II.
    Maximus and conquer        Theodosius.
    Gaul [V.C. 1]
387     British Army under Maximus take
    Rome [V.C. 1]
388     Maximus slain. First British
    settlement in Armorica (?) [V.
    C. 1]
392     Valentinian II. slain. Penal laws        Theodosius.
    against Heathenism
394     Ninias made Bishop of Picts by
    Pope Siricius (?) [V.F. 1]
395     Death of Theodosius        Arcadius.
        Honorius.
396         Stilicho sends a Legion to protect
        Britain (?) [V.C. 1]
        Arcadius.
402     Theodosius II. associated in Empire        Honorius.
        Theodosius II.
406         Stilicho recalls Legion to meet
        Radagaisus [V.C. 2]
        'Notitia' composed (?) [V.C. 3-9]
        German tribes flood Gaul [V.C. 2]
407     British Army proclaim Constantine
    III. and reconquer Gaul [V.C.
    10]
408     Arcadius dies. Constantine III.         Honorius.
    recognized as "Augustus"        Theodosius II.
        Constantine III.
410     Visigoths under Alaric take Rome
    [V.C. 11]
411     Constantine III. slain         Honorius.
        Theodosius II.
413 (?)     Pelagian heresy arises in Britain
    [V.F. 3]
415 (?)     Rescript of Honorius to the Cities
    of Britain [V.C. 11]
423     Death of Honorius         Theodosius II.
425     Valentinian III., son of Galla         Theodosius II.
    Placidia, Emperor of West [V.D. 3]        Valentinian III.
429 (?)     SS. Germanus and Lupus sent to
    Britain by Pope Celestine (?)
    [V.F. 4]
432 (?)     St. Patrick sent to Ireland by
    Pope Celestine [V.F. 2]
435 (?)     Roman Legion sent to aid Britons (?)
436 (?)     Roman forces finally withdrawn (?)
446     Vain appeal of Britons to Actius (?)
    [V.D. 2]
447 (?)     The Alleluia Battle [V.F. 4]
449 (?)     Hengist and Horsa settle in
    Thanet (?) [V.D. 3]
450 (?)     English defeat Picts at Stamford(?)
    [V.B. 2]
    Theodosius II. dies        Valentinian III.
455 (?)     Battle of Aylesford begins English
    conquest of Britain (?) [V.D. 2]


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