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Corpus Juris Civilis
The New Constitutions of the Emperor Leo.


Published For Purpose Of Amending The Laws.

Henry Agylaeus, Translator.



Introduction.
Constitution I. Everyone Who Exercises the Prerogative of Judging Shall Decide in Accordance with the Laws Which We Have Compiled, and Shall Never Have Recourse to Those Which We Have Annulled, in Order That No Ambiguity May Arise under Such Circumstances.
Constitution II. He Who in Other Respects Is Proved to Be Worthy of the Episcopal Dignity in Accordance with the Sacred and Divine Canons of the Church, Even Though He May Have Children Born in Lawful Marriage, Shall Not, for ...
Constitution III. Persons Shall Not Be Ordained Priests According to the Rites of the Church, Except upon the Condition That They Will Live in Celibacy thereafter, and if They Should Desire to Contract Marriage They Must...
Constitution IV. Not Only Priests Belonging to the Church in General but Also Those Attached to any Particular Edifice Dedicated to Christian Worship Can Lawfully Celebrate the Sacred Mysteries, and Perform All...
Constitution V. Persons Who Have Embraced a Monastic Life and Possess Property Are Not Prohibited from Disposing of It by Will ; And if They Brought Anything tnto the Monastery at the Time When They Entered It, They Shall Be...
Constitution VI. Anyone Can Become a Monk Either at the Age Established by the Sixth Council, Or at That Fixed by the Divine Basilius; but the Disposition of His Estate, No Matter When He Entered the Monastic Order, Shall Be ...
Constitution VII. Whenever Anyone, Through Lack of Reason, Attempts to Renounce the Clerical Habit for That Which Is Profane, He Shall Be Restored to His Former Condition, Or No Clerk Can afterwards Become a Layman.
Constitution VIII. When Anyone Forms the Design of Abandoning a Holy Monastery and Rejecting the Monastic Habit, and, in Order To Do So, Assumes That of Profane Persons, He Who Dares to Commit Such an Act Shall, Even against...
Constitution IX. Concerning Slaves Who Become Members of the Clergy without the Knowledge of Their Masters.
Constitution X. Concerning Slaves Who Adopt a Monastic Life with the Knowledge of Their Masters.
Constitution XI. Concerning a Slave Promoted to the Episcopate without the Knowledge of His Master.
Constitution XII. Concerning the Use of the Shops of the Great Church.
Constitution XIII. Concerning Perpetual Emphyteusis.
Constitution XIV. Concerning Those Who Leave a Monastery Unfinished.
Constitution XV. It Shall Be Lawful to Confer the Salutary Rite of Baptism in Any Private Chapel Whatsoever.
Constitution XVI. Anyone Can Be Created a Subdeacon Who Has Reached His Twentieth Year.
Constitution XVII. Women in Childbed Cannot Take Part in the Celebration of Divine Mysteries, and Their Infants Can Not Be Baptized until after Forty Days, Unless Some Urgent Necessity Requires This to Be Done.
Constitution XVIII. The Penalty Included in the Contract of Betrothal Shall Be Exacted.
Constitution XIX. Concerning the Contract of a Father by Which a Son Becomes Entitled to a Share of His Estate Equal to That of the Other Heirs.
Constitution XX. Neither Husband Nor Wife Shall, in Case of the Death of One of Them, Be Entitled to Anything Except the Donation Given in Consideration of Marriage.
Constitution XXI. The Promise of a Dowry Shall Be Fulfilled by the Delivery of Property Belonging to the Father's Or Mother's Estate.
Constitution XXII. A Woman Who Does Not Marry a Second Time Shall Be Entitled to the Share of a Single Child out of Her Husband's Estate, and Where the Father Survives He Shall Enjoy the Same Privilege.
Constitution XXIII. Governors Shall Not Contract Marriages with Female Members of Their Households While in Their Provinces.
Constitution XXIV. Natural Children Can Not Contract Marriage with Others Who Are Adoptive.
Constitution XXV. Concerning Emancipation and the Restitution of the Dowry.
Constitution XXVI. Eunuchs Can Adopt.
Constitution XXVII. All Persons Are Equally Permitted to Adopt.
Constitution XXVIII. At What Age and to Whom The Administration of Their Property Should Be Granted to Minors.
Constitution XXIX. The Children of Female Slaves Born upon the Land of Another Belong to Their Masters.
Constitution XXX. Concerning a Woman Who Contracts Another Marriage during the Lifetime of Her Husband.
Constitution XXXI. A Woman Who Through Hatred to Her Husband Produces an Abortion upon Herself May Be Repudiated by Him.
Constitution XXXII. Concerning Persons Taken in Adultery.
Constitution XXXIII. The Wives of Captives Shall Not Be Permitted to Marry Other Men.
Constitution XXXIV. Concerning a Guardian Who Corrupts His Female Ward.
Constitution XXXV. Concerning the Punishment of the Ravisher of a Virgin and His Accomplices.
Constitution XXXVI. The Son of a Captive Shall Be His Heir.
Constitution XXXVII. A Slave Who Is Manumitted by the Will of His Master Has Testamentary Capacity, Even if He Does Not Know That His Master Is Dead and That His Estate Has Been Entered upon.
Constitution XXXVIII. The Slaves of the Emperor Can Dispose of Any Property Belonging to Them in Any Way That They May Desire.
Constitution XXXIX. A Spendthrift Can Dispose of His Own Property.
Constitution XL. Captives Have Testamentary Capacity.
Constitution XLI. In Cities Five Witnesses, and on a Journey and in the Country Three, Shall Be Sufficient to Establish the Validity of a Will.
Constitution XLII. Where There Is a Sufficient Number of Witnesses the Will Shall Be Valid, Even Though They May Not Have Attached Their Signatures Or Seals to the Instrument.
Constitution XLIII. Wills Can Be Witnessed by Persons Who Do Not Know How to Write.
Constitution XLIV. By Whom Wills Ought to Be Signed.
Constitution XLV. Judges Must Commit Their Decisions to Writing and Sign Them with Their Own Hands.
Constitution XLVI. Abrogation of Certain Laws Enacted with Reference to Curle and Decurions.
Constitution XLVII. Abrogation of the Law Authorizing the Senate to Appoint Prætors, and Decurions to Appoint Prefects.
Constitution XLVIII. Women Shall Not Act as Witnesses in the Execution of Contracts.
Constitution XLIX. Slaves Shall Not Be Permitted to Give Testimony.
Constitution L. Donations Which Have Not Been Reduced to Writing Shall Only Be Valid Where Sums Up To Five Hundred Aurei Are Involved.
Constitution LI. To Whom Treasure Trove Should Belong.
Constitution LII. Money Coined by Ancient as Well as Modern Sovereigns Shall Be Current, Provided it Is of Legal Weight and of Proper Material.
Constitution LIII. Anyone Shall Be Permitted to Bury the Dead within Cities as Well as outside the Same.
Constitution LIV. All Persons Shall Abstain from Labor on Sunday.
Constitution LV. Jews Shall Live in Accordance with the Rites of Christianity.
Constitution LVI. Concerning the Shores of the Sea.
Constitution LVII. How Far from One Another Should Fishing Nets Be Placed?
Constitution LVIII. Food Shall Not Be Composed of Blood.
Constitution LIX. Repeal of the Law Which Permits a Freeman to Sell Himself.
Constitution LX. In What Way Persons Who Castrate Others Should Be Punished.
Constitution LXI. What Penalty Shall Be Inflicted upon the Collectors of Taxes Where They Demand More Than Is Due.
Constitution LXII. Concerning the Penalty Incurred by One Who Sells Any Public Property Whatsoever.
Constitution LXIII. Concerning the Penalty to Which Those Are Liable Who Transfer Forbidden Things to the Enemy.
Constitution LXIV. Concerning the Penalty to Be Imposed upon Those Who Suppress Information of a Shipwreck.
Constitution LXV. Concerning the Penalty to Which Enchanters Are Liable.
Constitution LXVI. Concerning the Theft of Slaves.
Constitution LXVII. Concerning Those Who Go over to the Enemy and Voluntarily Return.
Constitution LXVIII. Monks and Other Members of the Clergy Can Be Appointed Guardians, But They Shall Be Deprived of the Control of Their Wards as Well as of the Administration of Their Property.
Constitution LXIX. Blind Men Can Make Wills Secretly.
Constitution LXX. Concerning Robbery.
Constitution LXXI. Concerning Those Who Intend to Build upon Tillable Land Or in Vineyards.
Constitution LXXII. Contracts Shall Be Valid Even Where No Penalty Is Attached to Their Violation.
Constitution LXXIII. No One Shall Live with Women in Houses Attached to Churches.
Constitution LXXIV. No Nuptial Benediction Shall Be Conferred upon Persons Who Are Betrothed before the Time When They Can Be Married.
Constitution LXXV. A Person Who Has Reached the Age of Twenty Years Can Be Created a Subdeacon.
Constitution LXXVI. Concerning the Penalty Imposed upon Priests Who Commit Perjury.
Constitution LXXVII. Concerning the Penalty for Forgery.
Constitution LXXVIII. No Decree of the Senate Shall Be Enacted Hereafter.
Constitution LXXIX. Concerning the Penalty to Be Imposed upon Priests, Deacons, and Subdeacons Who Marry after Having Become Members of the Ecclesiastical Order.
Constitution LXXX. Cuttings and Pieces of Purple Cloth Can Publicly Be Sold.
Constitution LXXXI. The Manufacture of any Article out ff Gold Or Precious Stones Is, in General, Prohibited.
Constitution LXXXII. Concerning Opened Wills.
Constitution LXXXIII. A Loan of Money Bearing Interest at Four Per Cent Can Legally Be Made.
Constitution LXXXIV. Magistrates of Cities Shall Be Permitted to Transact Business, to Construct Buildings, and to Accept Donations.
Constitution LXXXV. Fathers Who Do Not Marry a Second Time Will Be Entitled to a Share Equal to That of One of Their Children.
Constitution LXXXVI. Concerning the Penalty to Be Imposed upon Bishops, Priests, and Other Members of the Clergy Who Devote Themselves to the ...
Constitution LXXXVII. Concerning the Penalty to Be Inflicted upon Ecclesiastics Who Indulge in Games of Chance.
Constitution LXXXVIII. Institution of Certain Festivals in Honor of Men Celebrated in the Church.
Constitution LXXXIX. Marriages Shall Not Be Confirmed without the Sacred Benediction.
Constitution XC. Persons Who Contract a Third Marriage Will Incur the Penalty of the Sacred Canons.
Constitution XCI. It Shall Not Be Lawful to Keep a Concubine.
Constitution XCII. Concerning the Penalty to Which a Person Is Liable Who Intentionally Blinds Another.
Constitution XCIII. Where a Woman Is Found to Be Pregnant by Someone Else than Her Husband, the Marriage Can Be Annulled.
Constitution XCIV. Abrogation of the Law Relating to the Consulate.
Constitution XCV. Concerning the Displacement of Soil.
Constitution XCVI. Concerning the Violation of Sepulchres.
Constitution XCVII. Parties Litigant Shall Be Sworn When Issue Is Joined in a Case, and Magistrates Shall Take an Oath When They Assume the Duties of Their Office.
Constitution XCVIII. Concerning the Penalty to Be Inflicted Upon Eunuchs if They Should Marry.
Constitution XCIX. He Who Tenders an Oath Must Himself First Swear That He Is Not Actuated by Malice.
Constitution C. Concerning Slaves Who Marry Persons Who Are Free.
Constitution CI. Where One of Two Slaves Who Were Married Obtains His Or Her Freedom.
Constitution CII. Concerning Maritime Lands Where the Space Is Not Sufficient for the Placing of Separate Nets, All Persons, Even against Their Will, Must Unite for This Purpose.
Constitution CIII. Concerning Those Who Make Use of Their Maritime Lands in Common for the Purpose of Stretching Nets.
Constitution CIV. Concerning Fishing Nets between Which No Space Is Required by Law.
Constitution CV. Where a Magistrate Is Convicted of Having Plundered the Treasury.
Constitution CVI. Concerning the Amount to Which Women Who Are Unendowed Shall Be Entitled out of the Estates of Their Deceased Husbands.
Constitution CVII. A Plaintiff Must, before Joinder of Issue, and When He Files His Complaint with the Judge, Prove That He Does So in Good Faith.
Constitution CVIII. Concerning One Who Does Not Appear in Court after Having Been Notified the First Time.
Constitution CIX. A Betrothal Cannot Take Place before the Parties Have Reached Their Seventh Year, Nor Can a Marriage Be Celebrated before Males Have Attained Their Fifteenth Year and Females Their Thirteenth.
Constitution CX. A Woman after Her Marriage Has Been Dissolved Should Draw up an Inventory Containing Her Dowry, the Ante-Nuptial Donation, and All the Remaining Property of Her Husband; and Having Produced It, Can Ask to Be Indemnified for Any Loss to Her Property Which She Has Sustained at the...
Constitution CXI. If a Wife Should Lose Her Mind and This Is Due to the Malice of Her Husband, Or without Anyone Else Having Caused it by Witchcraft with Her Husband's Knowledge, and Her Affliction Should Last More Than Three Years, the Marriage May Be Dissolved, and the Husband Shall Be at ...
Constitution CXII. Where the Husband Becomes Insane during Marriage It Cannot Be Dissolved until after the Expiration of Five Years; but after This Period Has Elapsed, It May Be Dissolved if He Still Remains Demented.
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