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28 October, 2012
(1906 - 1975)
||Born 25 September, in St. Petersburg, Russia; son of two talented musicians|
||Enters the Petrograd Conservatory|
||Composes internationally acclaimed First Symphony|
||Marries Nina Varzara, a scientist; has two children: Maxim (later a conductor and pianist) and Galya|
||In disgrace after Stalin objects to his opera The Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District|
||Back in favour, wins Stalin Prize for Piano Quintet|
||Experiences siege of Leningrad during World War II; writes "Leningrad" Symphony|
||Attacked with Prokofiev for "formalism" - writing music not conforming to Stalinist political dogma|
||After Stalin's death, is awarded Order of Lenin|
||Dies 9 August, in Moscow|