- Harold II, Godwinson [Chronology]
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28 October, 2012
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Harold II, Godwinson
(1022 - 1066)

1020 Born (date approx) in Wessex to Godwin, Earl of Wessex and Gytha Thorkelsdóttir
1044 Becomes the Earl of East Anglia
1045 At about this time, Harold takes Ealdgyth Swanneshals (Edith Swan-neck) as his mistress
1047 Son, Godwine, born (date approx)
1049 Son, Edmund, born (date approx)
1051 Archbishop Robert accuses Harold's father of the murder of King Edward's brother Alfred (which occurred in 1037), Harold seeks refuge in Ireland
1051 Son, Magnus, born (date approx)
1052 Earl Godwin and his sons sail up the Thames to London with a large fleet and force Edward to reinstate them. Harold is appointed as the most senior of Edward's advisers
1053 Daughter, Gytha, born (date approx)
1053 Father dies, succeeds to the Earldom of Wessex
1055 Daughter, Gunhild, born (date approx)
1056 Harold is sent by King Edward to Hungary to bring back Edward 'the Exile' – son of King Edmund II Ironside and a possible successor to Edward
1058 Becomes Earl of Hereford, makes pilgrimage to Rome
1063 Subdues the Welsh with the support of his brother, Tostig, Earl of Northumbria
1064 Emissary from Edward the Confessor to the court of William of Normandy, is shipwrecked in Ponthieu, and allegedly swears to support Williams claim to the throne; marries Aldith (or Aldgyth), daughter of Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia, and widow of the Welsh prince Gruffydd ap Llywelyn;; son, Ulf, born
1065 Northumbrians revolt against Tostig, their earl - Harold relieves Tostig of his title
1066 King Edward dies on 5 January, Harold takes the crown;
defeats Tostig and Harald Hardrada of Norway at the battle of Stamford Bridge on the 25th of September;
is defeated by William the Conqueror at the battle of Hastings on 14 October, dying in battle
1067 Son, Harold, is born

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