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26 June, 2013

Stephen
(1096 - 1154)

Timeline
1096 Born the son of Stephen, Count of Blois, and Adela (daughter of William the Conqueror)
1106 Sent the English court of his uncle, King Henry I
1115 Becomes Count of Mortain
1125 Marries Matilda, daughter of the Count of Boulogne
1126 Henry compels Stephen and the rest of his barons to acknowledge the empress Matilda as their future ruler
1135 Henry I of England dies, Stephen takes control of the treasury and lays claim to the throne
1138 Robert, Earl of Gloucester, a half-brother of Matilda, joins with Matilda to unseat Stephen from the throne and install Matilda, sparking a full-fledged civil war (the Time of Anarchy)
1139 To secure peace with Scotland, Stephen cedes Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmoreland to David. David's son, Henry, is created Earl of Northumberland; Matilda and her forces land at Arundel
1140 Stephen is captured while laying seige to Lincoln castle - he is imprisoned
1141 Stephen's Queen, Matilda of Boulogne, raises an army and march to London, driving Matilda out; Stephen is released in exchange for Robert of Gloucester and is restored to the throne
1144 Geoffrey of Anjou, the husband of the empress, completes the conquest of Normandy
1148 With the death of Robert of Gloucester, Matilda leaves England
1151 The pope forbids the English bishops to consecrate Eustace
1152 Matilda's son, Henry Fitzempress (Plantagenet) attempts to take the English throne; Treaty of Wallingford - makes provision for the English crown to pass to Matilda's son, Henry
1153 Treaty of Westminster - allows Stephen to remain King of England for life, states that Stephen had adopted Henry Plantagenet as his heir, and that Stephen's second son (William) inherits all Stephen's baronial lands; Stephen's eldest son, Eustace, dies
1154 King Stephen dies on 25 October
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