- Hernán Cortés - Conqueror of Mexico [Chronology]
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Hernán Cortés
(1485 - 1547)

1485 Cortés is born in Medellin, Extremadura, in Castile, to a family of lesser nobility
1499 Cortés attends the university of Salamanca
1501 Leaves university, returns home
1504 Joins an expedition of five ships that sail for Santo Domingo in the New World - he becomes a citizen and becomes notary of the town of Azuza
1506 Takes part in the conquest of Hispaniola and Cuba; made clerk to the treasurer
1511 Joins Diego Velasquez in exploring Cuba
1519 Cortés appointed commander of an expedition to find the legendary Aztec empire
1521 Cortés claims Tenochtitlan for Spain
1522 Given the title of Captain General and Governor of New Spain
1524 Explores Honduras
1528 Recalled to Spain; awarded the title "Marques del Valle de Oaxaca"
1530 Returns to Mexico, but divested of his civil rank; wife, Catalina, dies
1536 Discovers the Baja California peninsula
1539 Returns to Spain
1541 Joins expedition against Algiers
1547 Cortés dies 2 December in Castilleja de la Cuesta, Seville of pleurisy

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