- Charles II the 'Merry Monarch' [Index]
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Charles II
(1630 - 1685)

"I'm defintely the best king in England at the moment."
- After his commintment being questioned in the commons

Charles II

"The Merry Monarch", King of England from 1660 to 1685. Son of Charles I, he passed the period of the Commonwealth in exile. After the fall of the Protectorate, he negotiated with General Monck to return to England and issued the Declaration of Breda in 1660, promising amnesty and liberty of conscience. His reign was marked by the great plague in 1665 and the fire of London in 1666. Struggles between king and Parliament led to the creation of the foreruner of the cabinet system and the Whig Party. He was a patron of the theatre and encouraged science. He died without legitimate offspring and was succeeded by his brother James II.

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